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The Tyranny of Merit

By Michael J. Sandel
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Farrar, Straus and Giroux
  • Isbn : 9780374720995
  • Pages : 288
  • Category : Political Science
  • Reads : 554
  • File Pdf: the-tyranny-of-merit.pdf

Book Summary:

A Times Literary Supplement’s Book of the Year 2020 A New Statesman's Best Book of 2020 A Bloomberg's Best Book of 2020 A Guardian Best Book About Ideas of 2020 The world-renowned philosopher and author of the bestselling Justice explores the central question of our time: What has become of the common good? These are dangerous times for democracy. We live in an age of winners and losers, where the odds are stacked in favor of the already fortunate. Stalled social mobility and entrenched inequality give the lie to the American credo that "you can make it if you try". The consequence is a brew of anger and frustration that has fueled populist protest and extreme polarization, and led to deep distrust of both government and our fellow citizens--leaving us morally unprepared to face the profound challenges of our time. World-renowned philosopher Michael J. Sandel argues that to overcome the crises that are upending our world, we must rethink the attitudes toward success and failure that have accompanied globalization and rising inequality. Sandel shows the hubris a meritocracy generates among the winners and the harsh judgement it imposes on those left behind, and traces the dire consequences across a wide swath of American life. He offers an alternative way of thinking about success--more attentive to the role of luck in human affairs, more conducive to an ethic of humility and solidarity, and more affirming of the dignity of work. The Tyranny of Merit points us toward a hopeful vision of a new politics of the common good.

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  • File Pdf: the-complete-works-of-rosa-luxemburg-volume-ii.pdf

Book Summary:

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  • File Pdf: a-critical-legal-examination-of-liberalism-and-liberal-rights.pdf

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Book Summary:

National Book Award Finalist: “A learned, thoughtful, witty legal history for the layman” (The New Yorker). What do the thoughts of a ravenous tiger have to do with the evolution of America’s legal system? How do the works of Jane Austen and Ludwig van Beethoven relate to corporal punishment? In The Law of the Land, Charles Rembar examines these and many other topics, illustrating the surprisingly entertaining history of US law. Best known for his passionate efforts to protect literature, including Lady Chatterley’s Lover, from censorship laws, Rembar offers an exciting look at the democratic judicial system that will appeal to lawyers and laymen alike. From the dark days of medieval England, when legal disputes were settled by duel, through recent paradigm shifts in the interpretation and application of the legal code, The Law of the Land is a compelling and informative history of the rules and regulations we so often take for granted.

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Book Summary:

Ideas are everywhere, but those with the greatest problem-solving, business-transforming, and life-changing potential are often hard to identify. Even when we recognize good ideas, applying them to everyday obstacles—whether in the workplace, our homes, or our civic institutions—can seem insurmountable. According to Matthew Syed, it doesn't have to be this way. In Rebel Ideas, Syed argues that our brainpower as individuals isn't enough. To tackle problems from climate change to economic decline, we'll need to employ the power of "cognitive diversity." Drawing on psychology, genetics, and beyond, Syed uses real-world scenarios including the failings of the CIA before 9/11 and a communication disaster at the peak of Mount Everest to introduce us to the true power of thinking differently. Rebel Ideas will strengthen any kind of team, while including advice on how, as individuals, we can embrace the potential of an "outsider mind-set" as our greatest asset. Matthew Syed is the Sunday Times bestselling author of Black Box Thinking, Bounce, and The Greatest. He writes an award-winning newspaper column in The Times and is the host of the hugely successful BBC podcast Flintoff, Savage and the Ping Pong Guy.

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  • Publisher : Farrar, Straus and Giroux
  • Isbn : 9780374714451
  • Pages : 272
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  • File Pdf: degrade-and-destroy.pdf

Book Summary:

"This is the ultimate insider's view of perhaps the darkest chapter of the Forever Wars. Michael Gordon knows everyone, was seemingly everywhere, and brings a lifetime of brilliant reporting to telling this crucial story." —Retired U.S. Navy admiral James Stavridis, 16th Supreme Allied Commander of NATO and author of To Risk it All: Nine Crises and the Crucible of Decision An essential account of the struggle against ISIS—and of how Presidents Obama, Trump, and Biden have waged war. In the summer of 2014, President Barack Obama faced an unwelcome surprise: insurgents from the Islamic State had seized the Iraqi city of Mosul and proclaimed a new caliphate, which they were ruling with an iron fist and using to launch terrorist attacks abroad. After considerable deliberation, President Obama sent American troops back to Iraq. The new mission was to “degrade and ultimately destroy” ISIS, primarily by advising Iraqi and Syrian partners who would do the bulk of the fighting and by supporting them with airpower and artillery. More than four years later, the caliphate had been dismantled, the cities of Mosul and Raqqa lay in ruins, and several thousand U.S. troops remained to prevent ISIS from making a comeback. The “by, with, and through” strategy was hailed as a template for future campaigns. But how was the war actually fought? What were the key decisions, successes, and failures? And what was learned? In Degrade and Destroy, the bestselling author and Wall Street Journal national security correspondent Michael R. Gordon reveals the strategy debates, diplomatic gambits, and military operations that shaped the struggle against the Islamic State. With extraordinary access to top U.S. officials and military commanders and to the forces on the battlefield, Gordon offers a riveting narrative that ferrets out some of the war’s most guarded secrets. Degrade and Destroy takes us inside National Security Council meetings at which Obama and his top aides grapple with early setbacks and discuss whether the war can be won. It also offers the most detailed account to date of how President Donald Trump waged war—delegating greater authority to the Pentagon but jeopardizing the outcome with a rush for the exit. Drawing on his reporting in Iraq and Syria, Gordon documents the closed-door deliberations of U.S. generals with their Iraqi and Syrian counterparts and describes some of the toughest urban battles since World War II. As Americans debate the future of using force abroad, Gordon’s book offers vital insights into how our wars today are fought against militant foes, and the enduring lessons we can draw from them.

Greed Is Dead

By Paul Collier,John Kay
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Penguin UK
  • Isbn : 9780141994178
  • Pages : 208
  • Category : Political Science
  • Reads : 992
  • File Pdf: greed-is-dead.pdf

Book Summary:

Two of the UK's leading economists call for an end to extreme individualism as the engine of prosperity 'provocative but thought-provoking and nuanced' Telegraph Throughout history, successful societies have created institutions which channel both competition and co-operation to achieve complex goals of general benefit. These institutions make the difference between societies that thrive and those paralyzed by discord, the difference between prosperous and poor economies. Such societies are pluralist but their pluralism is disciplined. Successful societies are also rare and fragile. We could not have built modernity without the exceptional competitive and co-operative instincts of humans, but in recent decades the balance between these instincts has become dangerously skewed: mutuality has been undermined by an extreme individualism which has weakened co-operation and polarized our politics. Collier and Kay show how a reaffirmation of the values of mutuality could refresh and restore politics, business and the environments in which people live. Politics could reverse the moves to extremism and tribalism; businesses could replace the greed that has degraded corporate culture; the communities and decaying places that are home to many could overcome despondency and again be prosperous and purposeful. As the world emerges from an unprecedented crisis we have the chance to examine society afresh and build a politics beyond individualism.

Concentration

By Stefan Van Der Stigchel
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Isbn : 9780262357845
  • Pages : 224
  • Category : Psychology
  • Reads : 813
  • File Pdf: concentration.pdf

Book Summary:

How to concentrate in a world of beeping smartphones, channel surfing, live-tweeting, pop-up ads, and other distractions. We are in the midst of an attention crisis—caused in large part by our smartphones. There's a constant stream of information that we are powerless to withstand because it shows up in our notifications. More and more of us are finding it harder and harder to concentrate. In this book, attention expert and cognitive psychologist Stefan Van der Stigchel explains how concentration works and offers advice on how to stay focused in a world of beeping smartphones, channel surfing, live-tweeting, pop-up ads, and other distractions. The good news, Van der Stigchel reports, is that we now know more about brain and behavior than ever before, and he draws on the latest scientific findings in his account of concentration. He explains, among other things, that the battle for our attention began long before the digital era; why our phones are so addictive; the importance of working memory (responsible for executing complicated tasks) and how to increase its capacity; and why multitasking is bad for our concentration, but attention rituals help it. He describes the 2017 Oscars debacle (when the Best Picture presenter was given the wrong card) as a failure of multitasking; argues that daydreaming can be good for our concentration; and shows that the presence of a passenger in a car reduces the risk of an accident. He explains the positive effects of taking “tech breaks” (particularly in natural surroundings), meditation, and even daydreaming. We can win the battle for our attention, Van der Stigchel argues, if we have the knowledge and the tools to do it.

What We Owe Each Other

By Minouche Shafik
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Isbn : 9780691220277
  • Pages : 256
  • Category : Business & Economics
  • Reads : 534
  • File Pdf: what-we-owe-each-other.pdf

Book Summary:

From one of the leading policy experts of our time, an urgent rethinking of how we can better support each other to thrive Whether we realize it or not, all of us participate in the social contract every day through mutual obligations among our family, community, place of work, and fellow citizens. Caring for others, paying taxes, and benefiting from public services define the social contract that supports and binds us together as a society. Today, however, our social contract has been broken by changing gender roles, technology, new models of work, aging, and the perils of climate change. Minouche Shafik takes us through stages of life we all experience—raising children, getting educated, falling ill, working, growing old—and shows how a reordering of our societies is possible. Drawing on evidence and examples from around the world, she shows how every country can provide citizens with the basics to have a decent life and be able to contribute to society. But we owe each other more than this. A more generous and inclusive society would also share more risks collectively and ask everyone to contribute for as long as they can so that everyone can fulfill their potential. What We Owe Each Other identifies the key elements of a better social contract that recognizes our interdependencies, supports and invests more in each other, and expects more of individuals in return. Powerful, hopeful, and thought-provoking, What We Owe Each Other provides practical solutions to current challenges and demonstrates how we can build a better society—together.

The American Dream and the Public Schools

By Jennifer L. Hochschild,Nathan Scovronick
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Isbn : 9780199839681
  • Pages : 320
  • Category : Education
  • Reads : 706
  • File Pdf: the-american-dream-and-the-public-schools.pdf

Book Summary:

The American Dream and the Public Schools examines issues that have excited and divided Americans for years, including desegregation, school funding, testing, vouchers, bilingual education, and ability grouping. While these are all separate problems, much of the contention over them comes down to the same thing--an apparent conflict between policies designed to promote each student's ability to succeed and those designed to insure the good of all students or the nation as a whole. The authors show how policies to promote individual success too often benefit only those already privileged by race or class, and often conflict with policies that are intended to benefit everyone. They propose a framework that builds on our nation's rapidly changing population in order to help Americans get past acrimonious debates about schooling. Their goal is to make public education work better so that all children can succeed.

Twilight of Democracy

By Anne Applebaum
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Signal
  • Isbn : 9780771005862
  • Pages : 208
  • Category : Political Science
  • Reads : 100
  • File Pdf: twilight-of-democracy.pdf

Book Summary:

A finalist for the Lionel Gelber Prize One of Back Obama's Favourite Books of the Year A Pulitzer Prize–winning historian explains, with electrifying clarity, why elites in democracies around the world are turning toward nationalism and authoritarianism. From the United States and Britain to continental Europe and beyond, liberal democracy is under siege, while authoritarianism is on the rise. In Twilight of Democracy, Anne Applebaum, an award-winning historian of Soviet atrocities who was one of the first American journalists to raise an alarm about antidemocratic trends in the West, explains the lure of nationalism and autocracy. In this captivating essay, she contends that political systems with radically simple beliefs are inherently appealing, especially when they benefit the loyal to the exclusion of everyone else. Despotic leaders do not rule alone; they rely on political allies, bureaucrats, and media figures to pave their way and support their rule. The authoritarian and nationalist parties that have arisen within modern democracies offer new paths to wealth or power for their adherents. Applebaum describes many of the new advocates of illiberalism in countries around the world, showing how they use conspiracy theory, political polarization, social media, and even nostalgia to change their societies. Elegantly written and urgently argued, Twilight of Democracy is a brilliant dissection of a world-shaking shift and a stirring glimpse of the road back to democratic values.

Faces of Inequality

By Sophia Moreau
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Isbn : 9780190927325
  • Pages : 256
  • Category : Law
  • Reads : 372
  • File Pdf: faces-of-inequality.pdf

Book Summary:

This book defends an original and pluralist theory of when and why discrimination wrongs people. Starting from actual legal cases in which claimants have alleged wrongful discrimination by other people or by the state, Sophia Moreau argues that we can best understand these people's complaints by thinking of them as complaints about different ways in which they have not been treated as equals in their societies--in particular, through unfair subordination, through the violation of their right to a particular deliberative freedom, or through the denial to them of access to a basic good, that is, a good that this person must have access to if they are to be, and to be seen as, an equal in their society. The book devotes a chapter to each of these wrongs, exploring in detail what unfair subordination consists of; what deliberative freedoms are, and when each of us has a right to them; and what it means to deny someone access to a basic good. The author explains why these wrongs are each distinctive, but are each a different way of failing to treat some people as the equals of others. Finally the author argues that both the state and we as individuals have a duty to treat others as equals, in these three specific senses.

Justice Is Coming

By Cenk Uygur
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : St. Martin's Press
  • Isbn : 9781250272805
  • Pages : 288
  • Category : Political Science
  • Reads : 728
  • File Pdf: justice-is-coming.pdf

Book Summary:

A manifesto that outlines the progressive vision, recent history and worldview—by the founder of The Young Turks and co-founder of Justice Democrats. Right now, the shelves are filled with books on Donald Trump, as if everything was just hunky dory before the orange buffoon took over. Well, it wasn’t. What ails America goes far beyond Trump, but don't worry—progressives are going to take over the country and America is going to love it. In fact, in many ways we already have. In Justice Is Coming, The Young Turks founder Cenk Uygur presents two central ideas that counter everything we hear from pundits and politicians on a daily basis: one, progressives are correct on all of the issues, and two, America is actually a very progressive country. Millions of us know that we are not isolated individuals—we are a part of something larger, a movement that is already transforming Washington. This compulsively readable manifesto seeks to apply the momentum we have already built to a concrete progressive agenda that activists, voters, and citizens can all rally around. It looks beyond Trump to the larger historical forces that have given us this unique political moment, and explains why we should fight, how we should fight, and how we can—and will—win. Look out, Washington. We are building an army. This book is our battle plan.

Dirtbag

By Amber A'Lee Frost
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : St. Martin's Press
  • Isbn : 9781250269638
  • Pages : 288
  • Category : Political Science
  • Reads : 938
  • File Pdf: dirtbag.pdf

Book Summary:

The complete story of the victories and failures of millennial socialism, as told by the writer who witnessed it all firsthand. Amber A’Lee Frost came to New York City as a working class activist in a punk band, arriving just before the start of Occupy Wall Street—the first major event in decades for a socialist movement that was nearly extinct at the turn of the century. She's been at the vanguard of radical politics ever since, as a writer, veteran member of the Democratic Socialists of America, and cohost of the wildly popular Chapo Trap House podcast. She has reported on millennial activism everywhere from the sunny streets of Havana, to the Labour Party’s unexpected victory in the UK, to small towns in her home state of Indiana. Dirtbag is a much-anticipated debut from one of the greatest emerging writers in modern socialism. This memoir is more than Frost’s story; it is also the story of the only movement that has a chance to reshape our world. Both are chock-full of momentary triumphs, stupid decisions, new international friendships and rivalries, struggle, joy, setbacks, and heartbreak. Both are related with magnetic prose, remarkable candor, and unflappable humor. Throughout it all, Frost burned the candle at both ends. She kissed a man in the rain at a train stop after he sang her “The Internationale,” and gave herself hangovers that left her begging for death. But all of the late nights, heated debates, and joyous camaraderie was set against the unmistakable sense that somehow, socialism was winning.

Lost to the World

By Shahbaz Taseer
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : MCD
  • Isbn : 9780374718176
  • Pages : 288
  • Category : Political Science
  • Reads : 758
  • File Pdf: lost-to-the-world.pdf

Book Summary:

Shahbaz Taseer’s memoir of his five-year-long captivity at the hands of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan. In late August 2011, Shahbaz Taseer was driving to his office in Lahore when he was dragged from his car at gunpoint and kidnapped by members of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU), a Taliban-affiliated Uzbek terrorist group. Shahbaz’s father, the late Pakistani governor, had recently been assassinated. His crime: speaking in support of a Christian woman who had been accused of blasphemy and sentenced to death. Though Taseer himself wasn’t much interested in politics, he was somewhat of a public figure, and he represented a more tolerant, internationally connected Pakistan that the IMU despised. What followed was nearly five years of torture and harrowing danger while Taseer was held captive, his fate determined by the infighting of the IMU, Taliban, and ISIS. Lost to the World is his memoir of that time—a story of extraordinary sorrow but also of goodness and faith. While deeply dramatic, this tale is also comedic; for Taseer, humor, as much as the Koran, provided a light by which to see his own humanity, even under the most inhumane conditions, and to find a way back to his family. In a time when Western leaders use fear-mongering rhetoric to paint all followers of Islam as dangerous fundamentalists, Lost to the World illustrates the chasm between Muslim terrorists and ordinary Muslim citizens, and how terrorist organizations gain strength from the war on terror.

成功的反思

By 邁可.桑德爾(Michael J. Sandel)
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : 先覺
  • Isbn : 9789861343716
  • Pages :
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Reads : 363
  • File Pdf: 成功的反思.pdf

Book Summary:

當代最有影響力的政治哲學家,引領思潮的重要指標 《正義》哈佛教授桑德爾 睽違八年重磅新作 用思辨回應撕裂的世界,當前我們最需要的一本書 只要努力就有機會成功的社會,真的實現了平等與正義嗎? 桑德爾高聲疾呼:我們迫切需要重新思考「成功」的價值。 直視當代社會最重大的課題與挑戰, 前所未見的反思角度與解方,在各國激起全新對話! ◎《衛報》2020年度最佳觀點好書 ◎空降英國、美國、德國、荷蘭、西班牙、韓國、巴西暢銷榜 ◎《彭博》《新政治家》《泰晤士報文學增刊》2020年度選書 ◎朱敬一•張鐵志 專文推薦 ◎獲誠品.博客來.金石堂.何嘉仁一致選書.商業周刊2021跨年首推!工商時報書摘推薦 是什麼讓我們失去了一同思索重大公共問題的能力,甚至傾聽對方都有困難? 面對疫情危機,人們該如何才能同舟共濟? 當不同立場的人再也無法溝通,只能不斷撕裂; 當「成功者」與「失敗者」衡量價值的方式失去交集; 當人民愈來愈不相信政府,更無法信任觀點相異的人…… 桑德爾認為,是我們看待「成功」的方式,讓社會陷入了前所未見的困境! 這是一個「贏家」與「輸家」截然劃分的年代,機會與命運,只會眷顧本就幸運的那群人,而「只要努力便能成功」成了天大的謊言。若你幸運擁有市場經濟重視的才能,便能往上爬;反之,只能跌落機會之梯。失敗者的憤怒與挫折感不斷醞釀,造成了民粹主義的崛起,人們在不同的立場之間撕裂對立,就連「贏家」也活得辛苦──這是當前世界所面臨的最大危機。 桑德爾細細爬梳這一切的根源,述說菁英才德思想是如何創造出平等的假象,帶領讀者深度思辨──我們究竟該如何定義「成功」,打造一個讓所有人都能擁有幸福與尊嚴的社會,甚至面對疫情的挑戰?他從三大層面提出擲地有聲的討論:教育的本質與目的、如何建立每一份工作的價值與尊嚴、重新反思成功的意義;並提醒我們保持謙卑、珍惜所有人的付出,積極討論能夠讓社會更公平、更正義的具體作為。 這是混亂世局中,我們都必須重新學習的一堂課,無論在政界、社群或是教室,我們都能夠藉由書中的思辨,一起提升公共利益,讓每一個人都真正擁有尊嚴和幸福。 作者簡介 當代最有影響力的政治哲學家 邁可.桑德爾(Michael J. Sandel) 牛津大學博士,哈佛大學政治哲學教授,美國人文與科學院院士,巴黎索邦大學客座教授。1980年起在哈佛大學任教,2002至2005年擔任美國總統生命倫理委員會的委員。以《自由主義與正義的侷限》一書奠定其學術地位,其後陸續出版《訂製完美》《為什麼我們需要公共哲學》《正義》《錢買不到的東西》《成功的反思》等,著作譯為27種語言,並獲得哈佛大學教學卓越獎、美國政治學會特別成就獎。 桑德爾的「正義」課程以互動式教學為人津津樂道,創下哈佛375年的紀錄,累積修課人數超過1.5萬。哈佛大學將其製作成電視與網路公開課程(www.JusticeHarvard.org),線上點閱率締造了傳奇紀錄。他亦將課程撰寫成《正義:一場思辨之旅》一書,得到熱烈迴響。 桑德爾的教室從校園開展到全世界,講學足跡遍及各國,在英國BBC錄製「全球哲學家」節目,與全球三十國、六十位參與者線上對話,並於牛津大學、國會圖書館演講。他曾兩度來到台灣,帶領聽眾實踐公開課中的「公共辯論」,探討當下最熱門的議題。 他的著作與演講風靡全球,獲媒體讚譽為「當代最貼近世人的哲學家」「學者中的搖滾巨星」「全球最知名的哲學教師」。桑德爾證明了深奧的哲學也能普及到一般民眾的生活,理性的公共辯論在各地都能實現。 譯者 賴盈滿 倫敦政經學院科學哲學碩士,現專事翻譯。譯有《跳舞的骷髏》《演算法的一百道陰影》和《天才的責任:維根斯坦傳》等書。