2016-02-11

The EU Deep Trade Agenda

By ,
  • Full Title : The EU Deep Trade Agenda
  • Author : ,
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0191067679
  • Pages : 270
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Providing the first comprehensive examination of the key regulatory disciplines included in the new generation of EU free trade agreements (FTAs), this book investigates the EU's supposed deep trade agenda through a legal analysis of these FTAs. In doing so, Billy A. Melo Araujo determines whether there is any substance behind the EU's foreign policy rhetoric regarding the need to introduce regulatory issues within the remit of international trade law. At a time when the EU is busily negotiating so-called 'mega-FTAs', such as the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) and the plurilateral Trade in Services Agreement (TISA), Melo Araujo offers a timely insight into the important questions raised by such FTAs, in particular concerning the future of the multilateral trade system, the loss of policy autonomy, and the democratic legitimacy of regulating through treaty-making. The book provides a detailed analysis of the regulatory disciplines included in the more recent EU FTAs and explores the possible implications of such disciplines. Offering a significant contribution to a wider debate, this is a must read for those interested in the legal dimension of the EU's deep trade agenda.


2020-09-23

Handbook of Deep Trade Agreements

By Aaditya Mattoo,Nadia Rocha,Michele Ruta
  • Full Title : Handbook of Deep Trade Agreements
  • Author : Aaditya Mattoo,Nadia Rocha,Michele Ruta
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • ISBN Code : 1464815542
  • Pages : 632
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Deep trade agreements (DTAs) cover not just trade but additional policy areas, such as international flows of investment and labor and the protection of intellectual property rights and the environment. Their goal is integration beyond trade or deep integration. These agreements matter for economic development. Their rules influence how countries (and hence, the people and firms that live and operate within them) transact, invest, work, and ultimately, develop. Trade and investment regimes determine the extent of economic integration, competition rules affect economic efficiency, intellectual property rights matter for innovation, and environmental and labor rules contribute to environmental and social outcomes. This Handbook provides the tools and data needed to analyze these new dimensions of integration and to assess the content and consequences of DTAs. The Handbook and the accompanying database are the result of collaboration between experts in different policy areas from academia and other international organizations, including the International Trade Centre (ITC), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), and World Trade Organization (WTO).


2020-02-24

Global Politics and EU Trade Policy

By Wolfgang Weiß,Cornelia Furculita
  • Full Title : Global Politics and EU Trade Policy
  • Author : Wolfgang Weiß,Cornelia Furculita
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • ISBN Code : 3030345882
  • Pages : 284
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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This book explores how the European Union designs its trade policy to face the most recent challenges and to influence global policy issues. It provides with an interdisciplinary perspective, by combining legal, political, and economic approaches. It studies a broad set of trade instruments that are used by the EU in its trade policy, such as: trade agreements, multilateral initiatives, unilateral trade policies, as well as, internal market tools. Therefore, the contributions to this volume present the EU’s Trade Policy through different lenses providing a complex view of it.


2013-10-18

The European Union and the New Trade Politics

By JOHN PETERSON,Alasdair Young
  • Full Title : The European Union and the New Trade Politics
  • Author : JOHN PETERSON,Alasdair Young
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 1317970225
  • Pages : 178
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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The politics of international trade have changed dramatically over the past 20 years. Advances in technology have spurred a new kind of 'trade' involving transfers of components and materials across borders but within firms. Trade in services, foreign direct investment and sales by affiliates of foreign-owed companies have grown more rapidly than trade in goods, making national rules and regulations more significant barriers to trade. The effects of 'non-trade' policies on trade have engaged new actors in trade politics, not least in the European Union (EU). The emergence of a more active bloc of developing countries alongside a vibrant international civil society, including environmental and consumer groups and ministries, have made trade politics increasingly lively, complex, and challenging for the EU. Meanwhile, the World Trade Organization has become not only a primary focus for EU trade policy but also a lightning rod for protest, a powerful 'legaliser' of trade diplomacy, and an arena where it is often difficult, even impossible, to separate private from public interests. The European Union and the New Trade Politics provides a state of the art analysis of how the EU shapes and is shaped by the 'new' trade politics. This book was previously published as a special issue of The Journal of European Public Policy.


The Trade Policy of the European Union

By Sieglinde Gstöhl and Dirk De Bièvre
  • Full Title : The Trade Policy of the European Union
  • Author : Sieglinde Gstöhl and Dirk De Bièvre
  • Publisher : Macmillan International Higher Education
  • ISBN Code : 1349935832
  • Pages : N.A
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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2016-03-09

The European Union and Japan

By Paul Bacon,Hartmut Mayer,Hidetoshi Nakamura
  • Full Title : The European Union and Japan
  • Author : Paul Bacon,Hartmut Mayer,Hidetoshi Nakamura
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 1317033019
  • Pages : 298
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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The EU and Japan have one of the most important trade relationships in the world. Fittingly, this book presents a detailed analysis of their bilateral regulatory environment and negotiation processes. Moreover, the two polities have also co-operated extensively in bilateral and multilateral contexts on a range of global governance issues. Nevertheless, the relationship is widely acknowledged to have significant untapped potential. Deploying the concept of civilian power, the book takes a fresh, honest and provocative look at this important relationship, in a post-Fukushima, post-sovereign debt crisis world. First the book analyses the place of EU-Japan relations within the worldviews of the Japanese and European bodies politic. Subsequently, three thematic sections evaluate their cooperation on such issues as trade, energy security, environmental politics, development, human rights, post-conflict reconstruction, health and biosecurity. The eminent scholars of the EU-Japan relationship gathered in this book offer informed, empirically rich and policy-relevant insights into the present and future prospects for the relationship.


2020-10-15

Framing Convergence with the Global Legal Order

By Elaine Fahey
  • Full Title : Framing Convergence with the Global Legal Order
  • Author : Elaine Fahey
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • ISBN Code : 1509934383
  • Pages : 336
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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This interdisciplinary book explores the concept of convergence of the EU with the global legal order. It captures the actions, law-making and practice of the EU as a cutting-edge actor in the world promoting convergence 'against the grain'. In a dynamic 'twist' the book uses methodology to reflect upon some of the most dramatically changing dimensions of current global affairs. Questions explored include: who and what are the subjects and objects of convergence as to the EU and the world? How do 'court-centric' and less 'court-centric' approaches differ? Can we use political science and international relations as 'service tools'? Four key themes are probed: - framing EU convergence; - global trade against convergence; - the EU as the exceptional internationalist; and - positioning convergence through methodology.


2017-12-07

International Trade Policy and Class Dynamics in South Africa

By Simone Claar
  • Full Title : International Trade Policy and Class Dynamics in South Africa
  • Author : Simone Claar
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 3319657143
  • Pages : 244
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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This book provides an innovative perspective on class dynamics in South Africa, focusing specifically on how different interests have shaped economic and trade policy. As an emerging market, South African political and economic actions are subject to the attention of international trade policy. Claar provides an in-depth class analysis of the contradictory negotiation processes that occurred between South Africa and the European Union on Economic-Partnership Agreements (EPA), examining the divergent roles played by the political and economic elite, and the working class. The author considers their relationships with the new global trade agenda, as well as their differing standpoints on the EPA.


2016-12-01

The European Union’s External Action in Times of Crisis

By Piet Eeckhout,Manuel Lopez-Escudero
  • Full Title : The European Union’s External Action in Times of Crisis
  • Author : Piet Eeckhout,Manuel Lopez-Escudero
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • ISBN Code : 150990056X
  • Pages : 624
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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The Lisbon Treaty modified the legal framework of EU external action and these innovations must be applied in a period of deep economic and financial crisis interacting with other more specific crises affecting the EU's external activities. This volume investigates the recent institutional and substantive developments in EU external relations law and practice in this context of multiple crises for the EU. The economic and financial crisis has a major impact on EU external action, but other crises too affect this sensitive area of the EU's activity and the book takes them into account. For instance, there is a crisis in the relationship between EU law and international law after the ECJ judgement in the Kadi case. In addition to exploring these questions, the volume also examines questions of legitimacy in fields such as foreign investment protection and arbitration. Representing the output of a powerful research team composed of leading scholars in the field this comprehensive collection will appeal to both an expert and non-expert readership.


2020-04-11

Trade Policy in Multilevel Government

By Christian Freudlsperger
  • Full Title : Trade Policy in Multilevel Government
  • Author : Christian Freudlsperger
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0192598163
  • Pages : 288
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Trade Policy in Multilevel Government investigates how multilevel polities organize openness in a globalizing political and economic environment. In recent years, the multilevel politics of trade caught a broader public's attention, not least due to the Wallonian regional parliament's initial rejection of the EU-Canada trade deal in 2016. In all multilevel polities, competencies held by states and regions have increasingly become the subject of international rule-setting. This is particularly so in the field of trade which has progressively targeted so-called 'behind the border' regulatory barriers. In their reaction to this 'deep trade' agenda, constituent units in different multilevel polities have shown widely varying degrees of openness to liberalizing their markets. Why is that? This book argues that domestic institutions and procedures of intergovernmental relations are the decisive factor. Countering a widely-held belief among practitioners and analysts of trade policy that involving subcentral actors complicates trade negotiations, it demonstrates that the more voice a multilevel polity affords its constituent units in trade policy-making, the less the latter have an incentive to eventually exit from emerging trade deals. While in shared rule systems constituent unit governments are directly represented along the entirety of the policy cycle, in self-rule systems territorial representation is achieved merely indirectly. Shared rule systems are hence more effective than self-rule systems in organizing openness to trade. The book tests its theory's explanatory power on the understudied case of international procurement liberalization in extensive studies of three systems of multilevel government: Canada, the European Union, and the United States.


2014-02-10

European Yearbook of International Economic Law 2014

By Christoph Herrmann,Markus Krajewski,Jörg Philipp Terhechte
  • Full Title : European Yearbook of International Economic Law 2014
  • Author : Christoph Herrmann,Markus Krajewski,Jörg Philipp Terhechte
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN Code : 364240913X
  • Pages : 534
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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In 2014, the global economic system celebrates two anniversaries: Seventy years ago, on 22 July 1944 at Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, the Articles of Agreement of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the Articles of Agreement of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (Worldbank) were adopted. Since then the global financial and monetary system underwent significant policy changes, but the institutional framework remained the same. More recently, twenty years ago, on 15 April 1994, the Final Act of the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations was signed and its key component, the Agreement establishing the World Trade Organization, entered into force on 1 January 1995. Even though the beginning of the multilateral trading system dates back to the late 1940s, the founding of the WTO constitutes a significant institutional reform which marks the beginning of a new era. Anniversaries are usually moments of celebration. However, even a superficial observer will notice that neither the current international financial and monetary regime nor the international trade regime is in a stage which invites celebration. Instead, both are facing difficult and fundamental challenges to their very existence from the outside but also from within. So while there may be no time to celebrate, anniversaries are also often used for reflection about the past and the future. Hence, EYIEL 5 (2014) considers these two anniversaries ample moments to reflect on the legacy and the current status of the main two pillars of International Economic Law in its Part one. Part two of EYIEL 5 (2014) brings together contributions on the EU’s Deep Trade Agenda, on Current Approaches to the International Investment Regime in South America, on the Multilayered System of Regional Economic Integration in West Africa and on the Tripartite Free Trade Area, as well as on India and her Trade Agreements. Part three contains treatises of developments in the World Customs Organization, the World Intellectual Property Organization and in International Investment Law. After the book reviews in Part four, EYIEL 5 (2014) is complemented with an Annex containing the Case (on exchange-rate manipulation and crisis-caused guarantees to financial institutions) and the Best Submissions of the 11th EMC2 ELSA WTO Moot Court Competition (of the Harvard team for the complainant and the Leuven team for the respondent). The case not only addresses issues of current interest but also links the subjects of our two special focusses nicely together.


2016-03-09

Interregionalism and the European Union

By Mario Telò,Louise Fawcett,Frederik Ponjaert
  • Full Title : Interregionalism and the European Union
  • Author : Mario Telò,Louise Fawcett,Frederik Ponjaert
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 1317113462
  • Pages : 486
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Is the EU isolated within the emergent multipolar world? Concentrating on interregional relations and focussing on the European Union’s (EU) evolving international role with regards to regional cooperation, this innovative book collects a set of fresh empirical analyses of interregional ties binding the EU with its Eastern and Southern neighbourhood, as well as with Asia, Africa and the Americas. The 25 leading authors from 5 continents have contributed original and diverse chapters and the book advances a novel theoretical ‘post-revisionist’ approach beyond both the Eurocentrism of ‘Europe First’ perspectives as well as the Euroscepticism of those advocating to simply move ’Beyond Europe’. After a Foreword by A. Acharya, the book’s five sections reflect the main drivers of EU interregional policies: The European Union as a Sophisticated Laboratory of Regional and Interregional Cooperation (with chapters by M. Telò, L. Fawcett and T. Risse), De Facto Drivers of Regionalism (F. Ponjaert, M. Shu, A. Valladão and C. Jakobeit), De Jure Drivers of Regionalism (S. Lavenex, G. Finizio, C. Jakobeit, R. Coman, C. Cocq & S. Teo L-Shah), Cognitive Drivers of Regionalism (J. Rüland, E. Fitriani, S. Stavridis & S. Kingah, P. Bacon), and Instrumental Drivers of Regionalism (B. Delcourt, C. Olsson & G. Müller, A. Malamud & P. Seabra and L. Fioramonti & J. Kostopoulos).


2020-10-12

The Role of the EU in the Promotion of Human Rights and International Labour Standards in Its External Trade Relations

By Samantha Velluti
  • Full Title : The Role of the EU in the Promotion of Human Rights and International Labour Standards in Its External Trade Relations
  • Author : Samantha Velluti
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • ISBN Code : 3030567486
  • Pages : 359
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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This book represents a significant and timely contribution to the copious literature of the EU as a global actor providing new insights and fresh perspectives into the promotion of human rights and international labour standards in the EU’s external trade relations, building on and stimulating further – the already well-engaged – scientific dialogue on this area of research. In particular, it provides the basis for developing a new analytical structure for better understanding the role of the EU in promoting human rights and international labour standards in global trade and, in particular, for assessing the extent to which and how normative considerations have influenced the adoption of EU legal instruments and policy decisions. This book will appeal to research scholars, post-graduate students, practitioners and human rights activists.


2020-01-27

The Brussels Effect

By Anu Bradford
  • Full Title : The Brussels Effect
  • Author : Anu Bradford
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0190088591
  • Pages : 368
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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For many observers, the European Union is mired in a deep crisis. Between sluggish growth; political turmoil following a decade of austerity politics; Brexit; and the rise of Asian influence, the EU is seen as a declining power on the world stage. Columbia Law professor Anu Bradford argues the opposite in her important new book The Brussels Effect: the EU remains an influential superpower that shapes the world in its image. By promulgating regulations that shape the international business environment, elevating standards worldwide, and leading to a notable Europeanization of many important aspects of global commerce, the EU has managed to shape policy in areas such as data privacy, consumer health and safety, environmental protection, antitrust, and online hate speech. And in contrast to how superpowers wield their global influence, the Brussels Effect - a phrase first coined by Bradford in 2012- absolves the EU from playing a direct role in imposing standards, as market forces alone are often sufficient as multinational companies voluntarily extend the EU rule to govern their global operations. The Brussels Effect shows how the EU has acquired such power, why multinational companies use EU standards as global standards, and why the EU's role as the world's regulator is likely to outlive its gradual economic decline, extending the EU's influence long into the future.


2020-01-13

European Yearbook of International Economic Law 2019

By Marc Bungenberg,Markus Krajewski,Christian J. Tams,Jörg Philipp Terhechte,Andreas R. Ziegler
  • Full Title : European Yearbook of International Economic Law 2019
  • Author : Marc Bungenberg,Markus Krajewski,Christian J. Tams,Jörg Philipp Terhechte,Andreas R. Ziegler
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • ISBN Code : 3030224856
  • Pages : 475
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Volume 10 of the EYIEL focusses on the relationship between transnational labour law and international economic law on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the International Labour Organisation (ILO). As one of the oldest UN Agencies, the ILO has achieved considerable progress with respect to labour rights and conditions. The contributions to EYIEL Volume 10 assess these achievements in light of current and future challenges. The ILO’s core instruments and legal documents are analysed and similarly the impact labour standards have on trade and investment agreements. In its regional section, EYIEL 10 addresses recent developments in the US and the EU, including the US’ trade policy strategy towards China as well as the reform of the NAFTA. In its part on institutions, EYIEL 10 focusses inter alia on the role of the rule of law in relation to current practices of the International Monetary Fund and of the WTO’s Appellate Body as an international court. Furthermore, it provides an overview of current cases before the WTO. Finally, the volume entails a section with review essays on recently published books in the field of international economic law and international investment law.


2013-08-29

International Trade Negotiations and Domestic Politics

By Oluf Langhelle
  • Full Title : International Trade Negotiations and Domestic Politics
  • Author : Oluf Langhelle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 113509053X
  • Pages : 244
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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In spite of many years of negotiation on trade liberalization, progress seems to have stalled. This book explores why resistance to further market liberalization seems so strong, given that the benefits are seen to outweigh the costs. This volume argues that in order to understand the slow progress of World Trade Organization negotiations, we need to take into consideration the ‘intermestic’ character of trade politics, that is, the way in which international and domestic aspects of politics and policies have been woven together and become inextricably related to each other. This is a general trend in our globalizing world, and one that is most pronounced in the case of trade politics and policy. International Trade Negotiations and Domestic Politics therefore presents an in-depth analysis of institutions, ideas, interests and actors in the interplay between international trade negotiations and national negotiating positions. At the international level the authors focus on the multilateral negotiations within the World Trade Organization, together with the plurilateral and bilateral negotiations on free trade agreements. At the regional and domestic level they analyze the trade politics and policies of two established powers, the European Union and the USA; two rising powers, China and India; and a small industrialized country with an open economy, Norway.


2020-05-21

The EU and the New Trade Bilateralism

By Finn Laursen,Christilla Roederer-Rynning
  • Full Title : The EU and the New Trade Bilateralism
  • Author : Finn Laursen,Christilla Roederer-Rynning
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 0429594593
  • Pages : 160
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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International trade policy, including the trade policies of the European Union (EU), has become controversial in recent years. This book illuminates the politicised process of the EU’s contemporary trade negotiations. The book uses the notion of ‘contentious market regulation’ to examine contemporary EU Free-Trade Agreements (FTAs) with industrialised countries: the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership with the USA (TTIP), the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement with Canada (CETA), the EU-South Korea Agreement (KOREU), and the EU’s agreement with Japan (EU-Japan). It also analyses cross-cutting issues affecting trade policy, such as business dimensions, social mobilisation, parliamentary assertion, and investment. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of European Integration.


2018-01-11

Brexit and Financial Services

By Kern Alexander,Catherine Barnard,Eilís Ferran,Andrew Lang,Niamh Moloney
  • Full Title : Brexit and Financial Services
  • Author : Kern Alexander,Catherine Barnard,Eilís Ferran,Andrew Lang,Niamh Moloney
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • ISBN Code : 1509915826
  • Pages : 224
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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This timely book examines the legal and regulatory implications of Brexit for financial services. The UK's withdrawal from the EU is likely to have significant market, political, and policy consequences for the UK financial system, for the single market and the euro area, and for the international financial system. As the UK disentangles its financial system from the EU, law will matter to a profound extent. Treaties, legislation, and regulation, at UK, EU, and international levels, and the many dynamics and interests which drive them, will frame and shape the ultimate settlement between the UK and the EU. Law will also shape how the EU financial system develops post-Brexit and how the international financial system responds. Written by leading authorities in the field, this book addresses and contextualises the legal, regulatory, and policy issues across five dimensions, which correspond to the major legal spheres engaged: financial regulation implications and market access consequences for the UK financial system; labour law and free movement consequences for the UK financial system; the implications internally for EU financial governance and the euro area; the implications and relevance of the EEA/EFTA financial services market; and the trade law and World Trade Organization law implications.


2017-10-06

European Yearbook of International Economic Law 2017

By Marc Bungenberg,Markus Krajewski,Christian Tams,Jörg Philipp Terhechte,Andreas R. Ziegler
  • Full Title : European Yearbook of International Economic Law 2017
  • Author : Marc Bungenberg,Markus Krajewski,Christian Tams,Jörg Philipp Terhechte,Andreas R. Ziegler
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 331958832X
  • Pages : 649
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Volume 8 of the EYIEL focuses on the external economic relations of the European Union as one of the most dynamic political fields in the process of European integration. The first part of this volume analyses the recent controversial questions of the external economic relations of the Union, dealing with the complexity of mixed agreements, transparency and legitimacy issues as well as recent proposals in relation to Investor-State-Dispute Settlement, the Trade Defence Instruments and the implications of the “Brexit” in this context. The second part of EYIEL 8 addresses ongoing bilateral and multilateral negotiations of the EU with China, Japan, Australia, Canada and Taiwan. Moreover, the third part deals with the EU in international organisations and institutions, in particular the recent institutional aspects of the EU-UN relationship, representation in the IMF as well as WTO jurisprudence involving the EU in 2015. The volume concludes with reviews of recent books in international economic law.


2019-12-18

The Evolving Relationship between China, the EU and the USA

By Jing Men,Simon Schunz,Duncan Freeman
  • Full Title : The Evolving Relationship between China, the EU and the USA
  • Author : Jing Men,Simon Schunz,Duncan Freeman
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 0429649290
  • Pages : 234
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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This book closely scrutinizes the individual and collective roles played by China, the EU and the USA in contemporary world politics. Examining the three actors’ respective strategic and policy positions on and behaviour towards the flux of the contemporary global order, the analysis focuses on three major issues and challenges: foreign and security policy; economics and trade; and climate change and energy. Discussing their relative power, as well as their interests, beliefs and positions on a set of decisive issues, this book explores bilateral relations between the three powers and the ways in which they may interact trilaterally in a broader global context to shape international politics. Written by a stellar line-up of experts from the fields of politics and international relations, The Evolving Relationship between China, the EU and the USA will be of huge interest to students and scholars from within these fields, as well as policy-makers and practitioners more generally.