The Art Of Probability Book

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The Art Of Probability

By Richard W. Hamming
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Isbn : 0429961502
  • Pages : 364
  • Category : Mathematics
  • Reads : 306
  • File Pdf: the-art-of-probability.pdf

Book Summary:

Offering accessible and nuanced coverage, Richard W. Hamming discusses theories of probability with unique clarity and depth. Topics covered include the basic philosophical assumptions, the nature of stochastic methods, and Shannon entropy. One of the best introductions to the topic, The Art of Probability is filled with unique insights and tricks worth knowing.

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Routledge Handbook of Art, Science, and Technology Studies

By Hannah Star Rogers,Megan K Halpern,Dehlia Hannah,Kathryn de Ridder-Vignone
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Isbn : 0429792832
  • Pages : 702
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reads : 764
  • File Pdf: routledge-handbook-of-art-science-and-technology-studies.pdf

Book Summary:

Art and science work is experiencing a dramatic rise coincident with burgeoning Science and Technology Studies (STS) interest in this area. Science has played the role of muse for the arts, inspiring imaginative reconfigurations of scientific themes and exploring their cultural resonance. Conversely, the arts are often deployed in the service of science communication, illustration, and popularization. STS scholars have sought to resist the instrumentalization of the arts by the sciences, emphasizing studies of theories and practices across disciplines and the distinctive and complementary contributions of each. The manifestation of this commonality of creative and epistemic practices is the emergence of Art, Science, and Technology Studies (ASTS) as the interdisciplinary exploration of art–science. This handbook defines the modes, practices, crucial literature, and research interests of this emerging field. It explores the questions, methodologies, and theoretical implications of scholarship and practice that arise at the intersection of art and STS. Further, ASTS demonstrates how the arts are intervening in STS. Drawing on methods and concepts derived from STS and allied fields including visual studies, performance studies, design studies, science communication, and aesthetics and the knowledge of practicing artists and curators, ASTS is predicated on the capacity to see both art and science as constructions of human knowledge- making. Accordingly, it posits a new analytical vernacular, enabling new ways of seeing, understanding, and thinking critically about the world. This handbook provides scholars and practitioners already familiar with the themes and tensions of art–science with a means of connecting across disciplines. It proposes organizing principles for thinking about art–science across the sciences, social sciences, humanities, and arts. Encounters with art and science become meaningful in relation to practices and materials manifest as perceptual habits, background knowledge, and cultural norms. As the chapters in this handbook demonstrate, a variety of STS tools can be brought to bear on art–science so that systematic research can be conducted on this unique set of knowledge-making practices.

How to be a Better Scientist

By Andrew Johnson,John Sumpter
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Isbn : 1351745034
  • Pages : 248
  • Category : Education
  • Reads : 817
  • File Pdf: how-to-be-a-better-scientist.pdf

Book Summary:

Understanding the fundamentals of conducting good science, that will have an impact, is the goal of every aspiring scientist. Providing a wealth of tips, How to be a Better Scientist is the book to read if you want to succeed in this competitive field. Helping readers gain an insight into what good science means and how to conduct it, this book is ideal to read cover-to-cover or dip into. It includes easily accessible guidance on topics such as: • What characteristics should a scientist have? • Understanding the hypothesis • Integrity in science • Lack of confidence and the embarrassment factor • Time management • Coping with rejection • Interacting with the science community With its broad focus, this friendly guide will enthuse, inspire and challenge, and is an essential companion for all aspiring scientists.

Elements of Programming

By Alexander A. Stepanov,Paul McJones
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Pearson Education
  • Isbn : 013270241X
  • Pages : 288
  • Category : Computers
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  • File Pdf: elements-of-programming.pdf

Book Summary:

“Ask a mechanical, structural, or electrical engineer how far they would get without a heavy reliance on a firm mathematical foundation, and they will tell you, ‘not far.’ Yet so-called software engineers often practice their art with little or no idea of the mathematical underpinnings of what they are doing. And then we wonder why software is notorious for being delivered late and full of bugs, while other engineers routinely deliver finished bridges, automobiles, electrical appliances, etc., on time and with only minor defects. This book sets out to redress this imbalance. Members of my advanced development team at Adobe who took the course based on the same material all benefited greatly from the time invested. It may appear as a highly technical text intended only for computer scientists, but it should be required reading for all practicing software engineers.” —Martin Newell, Adobe Fellow “The book contains some of the most beautiful code I have ever seen.” —Bjarne Stroustrup, Designer of C++ “I am happy to see the content of Alex’s course, the development and teaching of which I strongly supported as the CTO of Silicon Graphics, now available to all programmers in this elegant little book.” —Forest Baskett, General Partner, New Enterprise Associates “Paul’s patience and architectural experience helped to organize Alex’s mathematical approach into a tightly-structured edifice—an impressive feat!” —Robert W. Taylor, Founder of Xerox PARC CSL and DEC Systems Research Center Elements of Programming provides a different understanding of programming than is presented elsewhere. Its major premise is that practical programming, like other areas of science and engineering,must be based on a solid mathematical foundation. The book shows that algorithms implemented in a real programming language, such as C++, can operate in the most general mathematical setting. For example, the fast exponentiation algorithm is defined to work with any associative operation. Using abstract algorithms leads to efficient, reliable, secure, and economical software. This is not an easy book. Nor is it a compilation of tips and tricks for incremental improvements in your programming skills. The book’s value is more fundamental and, ultimately, more critical for insight into programming. To benefit fully, you will need to work through it from beginning to end, reading the code, proving the lemmas, and doing the exercises. When finished, you will see how the application of the deductive method to your programs assures that your system’s software components will work together and behave as they must. The book presents a number of algorithms and requirements for types on which they are defined. The code for these descriptions—also available on the Web—is written in a small subset of C++ meant to be accessible to any experienced programmer. This subset is defined in a special language appendix coauthored by Sean Parent and Bjarne Stroustrup. Whether you are a software developer, or any other professional for whom programming is an important activity, or a committed student, you will come to understand what the book’s experienced authors have been teaching and demonstrating for years—that mathematics is good for programming, and that theory is good for practice.

The Science of Managing Our Digital Stuff

By Ofer Bergman,Steve Whittaker
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Isbn : 0262336286
  • Pages : 296
  • Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Reads : 477
  • File Pdf: the-science-of-managing-our-digital-stuff.pdf

Book Summary:

Why we organize our personal digital data the way we do and how design of new PIM systems can help us manage our information more efficiently. Each of us has an ever-growing collection of personal digital data: documents, photographs, PowerPoint presentations, videos, music, emails and texts sent and received. To access any of this, we have to find it. The ease (or difficulty) of finding something depends on how we organize our digital stuff. In this book, personal information management (PIM) experts Ofer Bergman and Steve Whittaker explain why we organize our personal digital data the way we do and how the design of new PIM systems can help us manage our collections more efficiently. Bergman and Whittaker report that many of us use hierarchical folders for our personal digital organizing. Critics of this method point out that information is hidden from sight in folders that are often within other folders so that we have to remember the exact location of information to access it. Because of this, information scientists suggest other methods: search, more flexible than navigating folders; tags, which allow multiple categorizations; and group information management. Yet Bergman and Whittaker have found in their pioneering PIM research that these other methods that work best for public information management don't work as well for personal information management. Bergman and Whittaker describe personal information collection as curation: we preserve and organize this data to ensure our future access to it. Unlike other information management fields, in PIM the same user organizes and retrieves the information. After explaining the cognitive and psychological reasons that so many prefer folders, Bergman and Whittaker propose the user-subjective approach to PIM, which does not replace folder hierarchies but exploits these unique characteristics of PIM.

Being Digital

By Nicholas Negroponte
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Vintage
  • Isbn : 1101911824
  • Pages : 272
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Reads : 748
  • File Pdf: being-digital.pdf

Book Summary:

In lively, mordantly witty prose, Negroponte decodes the mysteries--and debunks the hype--surrounding bandwidth, multimedia, virtual reality, and the Internet, and explains why such touted innovations as the fax and the CD-ROM are likely to go the way of the BetaMax. "Succinct and readable. . . . If you suffer from digital anxiety . . . here is a book that lays it all out for you."--Newsday.

How Economics Shapes Science

By Paula Stephan
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Harvard University Press
  • Isbn : 0674267559
  • Pages : 384
  • Category : Business & Economics
  • Reads : 256
  • File Pdf: how-economics-shapes-science.pdf

Book Summary:

The beauty of science may be pure and eternal, but the practice of science costs money. And scientists, being human, respond to incentives and costs, in money and glory. Choosing a research topic, deciding what papers to write and where to publish them, sticking with a familiar area or going into something new—the payoff may be tenure or a job at a highly ranked university or a prestigious award or a bump in salary. The risk may be not getting any of that. At a time when science is seen as an engine of economic growth, Paula Stephan brings a keen understanding of the ongoing cost-benefit calculations made by individuals and institutions as they compete for resources and reputation. She shows how universities offload risks by increasing the percentage of non-tenure-track faculty, requiring tenured faculty to pay salaries from outside grants, and staffing labs with foreign workers on temporary visas. With funding tight, investigators pursue safe projects rather than less fundable ones with uncertain but potentially path-breaking outcomes. Career prospects in science are increasingly dismal for the young because of ever-lengthening apprenticeships, scarcity of permanent academic positions, and the difficulty of getting funded. Vivid, thorough, and bold, How Economics Shapes Science highlights the growing gap between the haves and have-nots—especially the vast imbalance between the biomedical sciences and physics/engineering—and offers a persuasive vision of a more productive, more creative research system that would lead and benefit the world.

Ideas That Created the Future

By Harry R. Lewis
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Isbn : 026236221X
  • Pages : 520
  • Category : Computers
  • Reads : 675
  • File Pdf: ideas-that-created-the-future.pdf

Book Summary:

Classic papers by thinkers ranging from from Aristotle and Leibniz to Norbert Wiener and Gordon Moore that chart the evolution of computer science. Ideas That Created the Future collects forty-six classic papers in computer science that map the evolution of the field. It covers all aspects of computer science: theory and practice, architectures and algorithms, and logic and software systems, with an emphasis on the period of 1936-1980 but also including important early work. Offering papers by thinkers ranging from Aristotle and Leibniz to Alan Turing and Nobert Wiener, the book documents the discoveries and inventions that created today's digital world. Each paper is accompanied by a brief essay by Harry Lewis, the volume's editor, offering historical and intellectual context.

A Mind For Numbers

By Barbara Oakley, PhD
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Penguin
  • Isbn : 1101621613
  • Pages : 336
  • Category : Self-Help
  • Reads : 205
  • File Pdf: a-mind-for-numbers.pdf

Book Summary:

The companion book to COURSERA®'s wildly popular massive open online course "Learning How to Learn" Whether you are a student struggling to fulfill a math or science requirement, or you are embarking on a career change that requires a new skill set, A Mind for Numbers offers the tools you need to get a better grasp of that intimidating material. Engineering professor Barbara Oakley knows firsthand how it feels to struggle with math. She flunked her way through high school math and science courses, before enlisting in the army immediately after graduation. When she saw how her lack of mathematical and technical savvy severely limited her options—both to rise in the military and to explore other careers—she returned to school with a newfound determination to re-tool her brain to master the very subjects that had given her so much trouble throughout her entire life. In A Mind for Numbers, Dr. Oakley lets us in on the secrets to learning effectively—secrets that even dedicated and successful students wish they’d known earlier. Contrary to popular belief, math requires creative, as well as analytical, thinking. Most people think that there’s only one way to do a problem, when in actuality, there are often a number of different solutions—you just need the creativity to see them. For example, there are more than three hundred different known proofs of the Pythagorean Theorem. In short, studying a problem in a laser-focused way until you reach a solution is not an effective way to learn. Rather, it involves taking the time to step away from a problem and allow the more relaxed and creative part of the brain to take over. The learning strategies in this book apply not only to math and science, but to any subject in which we struggle. We all have what it takes to excel in areas that don't seem to come naturally to us at first, and learning them does not have to be as painful as we might think.

Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance

By Robert M. Pirsig
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Harper Collins
  • Isbn : 0061907995
  • Pages : 560
  • Category : Psychology
  • Reads : 327
  • File Pdf: zen-and-the-art-of-motorcycle-maintenance.pdf

Book Summary:

Acclaimed as one of the most exciting books in the history of American letters, this modern epic became an instant bestseller upon publication in 1974, transforming a generation and continuing to inspire millions. This 25th Anniversary Quill Edition features a new introduction by the author; important typographical changes; and a Reader's Guide that includes discussion topics, an interview with the author, and letters and documents detailing how this extraordinary book came to be. A narration of a summer motorcycle trip undertaken by a father and his son, the book becomes a personal and philosophical odyssey into fundamental questions of how to live. The narrator's relationship with his son leads to a powerful self-reckoning; the craft of motorcycle maintenance leads to an austerely beautiful process for reconciling science, religion, and humanism. Resonant with the confusions of existence, Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance is a touching and transcendent book of life.

Simula Research Laboratory

By Aslak Tveito,Are Magnus Bruaset,Olav Lysne
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Isbn : 364201156X
  • Pages : 656
  • Category : Mathematics
  • Reads : 645
  • File Pdf: simula-research-laboratory.pdf

Book Summary:

When researchers gather around lunch tables, at conferences, or in bars, there are some topics that are more or less compulsory. The discussions are about the ho- less management of the university or the lab where they are working, the lack of funding for important research, politicians’ inability to grasp the potential of a p- ticularly promising ?eld, and the endless series of committees that seem to produce very little progress. It is common to meet excellent researchers claiming that they have almost no time to do research because writing applications, lecturing, and - tending to committee work seem to take most of their time. Very few ever come into a position to do something about it. With Simula we have this chance. We were handed a considerable annual grant and more or less left to ourselves to do whatever we thought would produce the best possible results. We wanted to create a place where researchers could have the time and conditions necessary to re?ect over dif?cult problems, uninterrupted by mundane dif?culties; where doctoral students could be properly supervised and learn the craft of research in a well-organized and professional manner; and where entrepreneurs could ?nd professional support in developing their research-based - plications and innovations.

Beyond Calculation

By Peter J. Denning,Robert M. Metcalfe
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Isbn : 1461206855
  • Pages : 313
  • Category : Computers
  • Reads : 616
  • File Pdf: beyond-calculation.pdf

Book Summary:

In March 1997, the Association for Computing Machinery celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of the electronic computer. Computers are everywhere: in our cars, our homes, our supermarkets, at the office, and at the local hospital. But as the contributors to this volume make clear, the scientific, social and economic impact of computers is only now beginning to be felt. These sixteen invited essays on the future of computing take on a dazzling variety of topics, with opinions from such experts as Gordon Bell, Sherry Turkle, Edsger W. Dijkstra, Paul Abraham, Donald Norman, Franz Alt, and David Gelernter. This brilliantly eclectic collection will fascinate everybody with an interest in computers and where they are leading us.

Understanding the Digital World

By Brian W. Kernighan
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Isbn : 069121896X
  • Pages : 304
  • Category : Computers
  • Reads : 889
  • File Pdf: understanding-the-digital-world.pdf

Book Summary:

A brand-new edition of the popular introductory textbook that explores how computer hardware, software, and networks work Computers are everywhere. Some are highly visible, in laptops, tablets, cell phones, and smart watches. But most are invisible, like those in appliances, cars, medical equipment, transportation systems, power grids, and weapons. We never see the myriad computers that quietly collect, share, and sometimes leak personal data about us. Governments and companies increasingly use computers to monitor what we do. Social networks and advertisers know more about us than we should be comfortable with. Criminals have all-too-easy access to our data. Do we truly understand the power of computers in our world? In this updated edition of Understanding the Digital World, Brian Kernighan explains how computer hardware, software, and networks work. Topics include how computers are built and how they compute; what programming is; how the Internet and web operate; and how all of these affect security, privacy, property, and other important social, political, and economic issues. Kernighan touches on fundamental ideas from computer science and some of the inherent limitations of computers, and new sections in the book explore Python programming, big data, machine learning, and much more. Numerous color illustrations, notes on sources for further exploration, and a glossary explaining technical terms and buzzwords are included. Understanding the Digital World is a must-read for readers of all backgrounds who want to know more about computers and communications.

The Art of Tinkering

By Karen Wilkinson,Mike Petrich,Exploratorium
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Weldon Owen International
  • Isbn : 168188707X
  • Pages : 224
  • Category : Crafts & Hobbies
  • Reads : 731
  • File Pdf: the-art-of-tinkering.pdf

Book Summary:

Some of the most creative artists from today’s maker scene discuss their process, workspaces and more in this inspiring guide to tinkering. The Art of Tinkering is an unprecedented celebration of what it means to tinker: to take things apart, explore tools and materials, and build wondrous, wild art that’s part science, part technology, and entirely creative. Join 150+ makers as they share the stories behind their beautiful and bold work—then do some tinkering yourself! This collection of exhibits, artwork, and projects explores a whole new way to learn, in which people expand their knowledge through making and doing, working with readily available materials, getting their hands dirty, collaborating with others, and problem-solving in the most fun sense of the word. Each artist featured in The Art of Tinkering shares their process and the backstory behind their work. Whether it’s dicussing their favorite tools (who knew toenail clippers could be so handy?) or offering a glimpse of their workspaces (you’d be amazed how many electronics tools you can pack into a pantry!), the stories, lessons, and tips in The Art of Tinkering offer a fascinating portrait of today’s maker scene. Artists include: Scott Weaver, Arthur Ganson, Moxie, Tim Hunkin, AnnMarie Thomas, Ranjit Bhatnajar and Jie Qi.

Scientific Data Mining

By Chandrika Kamath
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : SIAM
  • Isbn : 9780898717693
  • Pages : 286
  • Category : Data mining
  • Reads : 982
  • File Pdf: scientific-data-mining.pdf

Book Summary:

Chandrika Kamath describes how techniques from the multi-disciplinary field of data mining can be used to address the modern problem of data overload in science and engineering domains. Starting with a survey of analysis problems in different applications, it identifies the common themes across these domains.

Rough – Granular Computing in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining

By J. Stepaniuk
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Isbn : 3540708014
  • Pages : 162
  • Category : Computers
  • Reads : 108
  • File Pdf: rough-granular-computing-in-knowledge-discovery-and-data-mining.pdf

Book Summary:

This book covers methods based on a combination of granular computing, rough sets, and knowledge discovery in data mining (KDD). The discussion of KDD foundations based on the rough set approach and granular computing feature illustrative applications.

How to Beat the Robots

By Moira Devlin
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Little Fish Big Impact
  • Isbn : 1838462007
  • Pages :
  • Category : Education
  • Reads : 574
  • File Pdf: how-to-beat-the-robots.pdf

Book Summary:

One of today’s biggest career challenges is knowing how to develop and sustain a skills mix, which keeps you relevant and work secure. Faced with the 4th industrial and agricultural revolutions, organisations today are clamouring to adjust, refresh or even destroy their existing business models. Organisations and governments alike are not waiting to make many expected changes in the future. Instead, they are fast-forwarding you to the future today. The revolutions, climate change and not forgetting the latest pandemic mostly fuelled this. How do you make sense of it to navigate a purposeful and successful career path? If only you could time travel into the future to experience what it holds. Find some understanding and bring it back into your working life today. Sadly, we haven’t managed to invent time travel yet! So instead, this book will take you on a journey to the future to understand how you manage a fast-changing world of work today. This book will take you to 2035, where you are the lead protagonist and you get to play out stimulating roles in organisations of the future. This book is easy to navigate, supported with graphics to explain concepts with well-researched scenarios based on real business life and believable organisations of the future. Each chapter starts with a different career and business case study set in 2035. There is one per chapter supported by a straight-forward four-step process to explain the subject matter. This sets you up to walk through the chapter theme. Each theme is infused with theories, insights and finishes with some tasks to complete based on your “chapter of the moment” career in 2035! As well as a business focussed approach in this book, you will benefit from a futuristic vibe to develop and utilise your thinking skills. Through the eyes of life with Robots in 2035 onwards. It is the first in the 21st Century Career Explorer series of non-fiction books exploring essential work life skills. It offers a unique creative twist and a novel approach to career development in the 2100s. Discover the techniques which will inspire you to develop new or enhanced thinking skills. Build your change and lifelong learning tools and techniques. To look not only to cement your career, but to create and boost the future of your career itself. It's time to imagine 2035 now and get the robots talking!

Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology

By Lorenzo Magnani,Walter Carnielli,Claudio Pizzi
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Isbn : 3642152236
  • Pages : 654
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Reads : 578
  • File Pdf: model-based-reasoning-in-science-and-technology.pdf

Book Summary:

Systematically presented to enhance the feasibility of fuzzy models, this book introduces the novel concept of a fuzzy network whose nodes are rule bases and their interconnections are interactions between rule bases in the form of outputs fed as inputs.

Experiment!

By Oivind Andersson
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Isbn : 1118311019
  • Pages : 288
  • Category : Science
  • Reads : 280
  • File Pdf: experiment.pdf

Book Summary:

Experiments are the most effective way to learn about the world.By cleverly interfering with something to see how it reacts we areable to find out how it works. In contrast to passive observation,experimenting provides us with data relevant to our research andthus less time and effort is spent separating relevant fromirrelevant information. The art of experimentation is often learnt by doing, so anintuitive understanding of the experimental method usually evolvesgradually through years of trial and error. This book speeds up thejourney for the reader to becoming a proficientexperimenter. Organized in two parts, this unique text begins by providing ageneral introduction to the scientific approach toexperimentation. It then describes the processes and toolsrequired, including the relevant statistical and experimentalmethods. Towards the end of the book a methodology ispresented, which leads the reader through the three phases of anexperiment: ‘Planning’, ‘Data Collection’,and ‘Analysis and Synthesis’. Experiment! Provides an excellent introduction to the methodology andimplementation of experimentation in the natural, engineering andmedical sciences Puts practical tools into scientific context Features a number of selected actual experiments to explorewhat are the key characteristics of good experiments Includes examples and exercises in every chapter This book focuses on general research skills, such as adopting ascientific mindset, learning how to plan meaningful experiments andunderstanding the fundamentals of collecting and interpreting data.It is directed to anyone engaged in experiments, especially Ph.D.and masters students just starting to create and develop their ownexperiments.

Deep Learning By Example

By Ahmed Menshawy
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Packt Publishing Ltd
  • Isbn : 178839576X
  • Pages : 450
  • Category : Computers
  • Reads : 528
  • File Pdf: deep-learning-by-example.pdf

Book Summary:

Grasp the fundamental concepts of deep learning using Tensorflow in a hands-on manner Key Features Get a first-hand experience of the deep learning concepts and techniques with this easy-to-follow guide Train different types of neural networks using Tensorflow for real-world problems in language processing, computer vision, transfer learning, and more Designed for those who believe in the concept of 'learn by doing', this book is a perfect blend of theory and code examples Book Description Deep learning is a popular subset of machine learning, and it allows you to build complex models that are faster and give more accurate predictions. This book is your companion to take your first steps into the world of deep learning, with hands-on examples to boost your understanding of the topic. This book starts with a quick overview of the essential concepts of data science and machine learning which are required to get started with deep learning. It introduces you to Tensorflow, the most widely used machine learning library for training deep learning models. You will then work on your first deep learning problem by training a deep feed-forward neural network for digit classification, and move on to tackle other real-world problems in computer vision, language processing, sentiment analysis, and more. Advanced deep learning models such as generative adversarial networks and their applications are also covered in this book. By the end of this book, you will have a solid understanding of all the essential concepts in deep learning. With the help of the examples and code provided in this book, you will be equipped to train your own deep learning models with more confidence. What you will learn Understand the fundamentals of deep learning and how it is different from machine learning Get familiarized with Tensorflow, one of the most popular libraries for advanced machine learning Increase the predictive power of your model using feature engineering Understand the basics of deep learning by solving a digit classification problem of MNIST Demonstrate face generation based on the CelebA database, a promising application of generative models Apply deep learning to other domains like language modeling, sentiment analysis, and machine translation Who this book is for This book targets data scientists and machine learning developers who wish to get started with deep learning. If you know what deep learning is but are not quite sure of how to use it, this book will help you as well. An understanding of statistics and data science concepts is required. Some familiarity with Python programming will also be beneficial.

Critical Code Studies

By Mark C. Marino
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Isbn : 0262357437
  • Pages : 288
  • Category : Computers
  • Reads : 897
  • File Pdf: critical-code-studies.pdf

Book Summary:

An argument that we must read code for more than what it does—we must consider what it means. Computer source code has become part of popular discourse. Code is read not only by programmers but by lawyers, artists, pundits, reporters, political activists, and literary scholars; it is used in political debate, works of art, popular entertainment, and historical accounts. In this book, Mark Marino argues that code means more than merely what it does; we must also consider what it means. We need to learn to read code critically. Marino presents a series of case studies—ranging from the Climategate scandal to a hactivist art project on the US-Mexico border—as lessons in critical code reading. Marino shows how, in the process of its circulation, the meaning of code changes beyond its functional role to include connotations and implications, opening it up to interpretation and inference—and misinterpretation and reappropriation. The Climategate controversy, for example, stemmed from a misreading of a bit of placeholder code as a “smoking gun” that supposedly proved fabrication of climate data. A poetry generator created by Nick Montfort was remixed and reimagined by other poets, and subject to literary interpretation. Each case study begins by presenting a small and self-contained passage of code—by coders as disparate as programming pioneer Grace Hopper and philosopher Friedrich Kittler—and an accessible explanation of its context and functioning. Marino then explores its extra-functional significance, demonstrating a variety of interpretive approaches.

An Applied Guide to Process and Plant Design

By Sean Moran
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Isbn : 0128148616
  • Pages : 556
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Reads : 809
  • File Pdf: an-applied-guide-to-process-and-plant-design.pdf

Book Summary:

An Applied Guide to Process and Plant Design, 2nd edition, is a guide to process plant design for both students and professional engineers. The book covers plant layout and the use of spreadsheet programs and key drawings produced by professional engineers as aids to design; subjects that are usually learned on the job rather than in education. You will learn how to produce smarter plant design through the use of computer tools, including Excel and AutoCAD, “What If Analysis, statistical tools, and Visual Basic for more complex problems. The book also includes a wealth of selection tables, covering the key aspects of professional plant design which engineering students and early-career engineers tend to find most challenging. Professor Moran draws on over 20 years’ experience in process design to create an essential foundational book ideal for those who are new to process design, compliant with both professional practice and the IChemE degree accreditation guidelines. Includes new and expanded content, including illustrative case studies and practical examples Explains how to deliver a process design that meets both business and safety criteria Covers plant layout and the use of spreadsheet programs and key drawings as aids to design Includes a comprehensive set of selection tables, covering aspects of professional plant design which early-career designers find most challenging

Tinkering

By Curt Gabrielson
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Maker Media, Inc.
  • Isbn : 1680450344
  • Pages : 214
  • Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Reads : 570
  • File Pdf: tinkering.pdf

Book Summary:

How can you consistently pull off hands-on tinkering with kids? How do you deal with questions that you can't answer? How do you know if tinkering kids are learning anything or not? Is there a line between fooling around with real stuff and learning? The idea of learning through tinkering is not so radical. From the dawn of time, whenever humanity has wanted to know more, we have achieved it most effectively by getting our hands dirty and making careful observations of real stuff. Make: Tinkering (Kids Learn by Making Stuff) lets you discover how, why--and even what it is--to tinker and tinker well. Author Curt Gabrielson draws on more than 20 years of experience doing hands-on science to facilitate tinkering: learning science while fooling around with real things. This book shows you how to make: A drum set from plastic bottles, tape, and shrink-wrap Magnetic toys that dance, sway, and amaze Catapults, ball launchers, and table-top basketball A battery-powered magic wand and a steadiness game (don't touch the sides!) Chemical reactions with household items Models of bones and tendons that work like real arms and ankles Spin art machine and a hovercraft from a paper plate! Lifelong learners hungry for their next genuine experience

Social evolution, economic development and culture

By Ronald Philip Dore
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
  • Isbn : 1781950032
  • Pages : 317
  • Category :
  • Reads : 288
  • File Pdf: social-evolution-economic-development-and-culture.pdf

Book Summary:

Social Evolution, Economic Development and Culture brings together Ronald Dore's key writings for the first time, making his work accessible across a wide range of social science disciplines. It produces a distinctive perspective with four interlinking themes - technology-driven social evolution, late development, culture and polemics. These are highly topical in the current context of rapid technological innovation and socio-economic change, globalization and accompanying policy choices.

The Art of Teaching Primary School Science

By Vaille Dawson,Grady Venville
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Isbn : 1000393380
  • Pages : 226
  • Category : Education
  • Reads : 529
  • File Pdf: the-art-of-teaching-primary-school-science.pdf

Book Summary:

The long-awaited second edition of The Art of Teaching Primary School Science has evolved to meet the demands of schools in our rapidly changing society. Recognising that children have an innate curiosity about the natural world means that teaching primary school science is both rewarding and critical to their futures. The focus of the chapters reflects the deep expertise in curriculum and pedagogy of the chapter authors. Included are chapters on the nature (wonder) of science and how children learn as well as the nuts and bolts of teaching: planning, pedagogy and assessment. In addressing the teacher education AITSL professional standards for teaching, there are chapters on digital pedagogies, differentiation and advanced pedagogies such as problem-based learning. Finally, there is a section on STEM education that explains how an integrated approach can be planned, taught and assessed. This book is both accessible to all preservice and practising teachers and up-to-date in providing the right mix of theoretical and practical knowledge expected of this generation of primary school teachers. Teacher educators worldwide will find this an essential resource.

Ethics in Civil and Structural Engineering: Professional Responsibility and Standard of Care

By Dave K. Adams
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
  • Isbn : 1260463125
  • Pages : 240
  • Category : Law
  • Reads : 499
  • File Pdf: ethics-in-civil-and-structural-engineering.pdf

Book Summary:

Learn the principles and practices of ethics as applied to civil and structural engineering This comprehensive textbook looks at ethics through the lens of civil and structural engineering. Written by a practicing engineer and experienced author, Ethics in Civil and Structural Engineering: Professional Responsibility and Standard of Care uses known standards of professional care, ethical codes of conduct, court opinions, and case studies to connect core concepts to real-world professional practices. You will get strategies for ethically approaching pivotal issues, including environmental sustainability, resilient construction, professional responsibility, business and interpersonal relationships, and dispute resolution. Coverage includes: An overview of ethics and morality Defining and understanding competence A clear outline of engineering ethics Consideration of degrees of negligence Dealing with uncertainty and assessing error Professional responsibility Legal expectation of care in practice Ethical considerations with codes and regulations Historical development of ethical thought Justification for competent and ethical choices Case studies in ethics and standard of care Ethics and sustainability The globally conscious engineer

STEAM Education

By Myint Swe Khine,Shaljan Areepattamannil
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Isbn : 3030040038
  • Pages : 188
  • Category : Education
  • Reads : 455
  • File Pdf: steam-education.pdf

Book Summary:

This book looks at the value of integrating the arts and sciences in the school curriculum. It argues that this will help students further their understanding of analytical concepts through the use of creativity. The authors illustrate how schools can work towards presenting common practices, concepts, and content. Coverage features case studies and lessons learned from classrooms across the United States. The notion of STEAM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts, and Mathematics) is an emerging discipline unique in its desire to provide a well-rounded approach to education. The chapters of this volume examine STEAM in a variety of settings, from kindergarten to higher education. Readers will learn about the practical considerations involved when introducing the arts and creativity into traditionally left brain processes. This includes best practices for creating and sustaining successful STEAM initiatives in any school, college, or university. For instance, one chapter discusses novel approaches to teach writing with the scientific method in order to help students better present their ideas. The authors also detail how the arts can engage more diverse learners, including students who are not traditionally interested in STEM subjects. They provide three concrete examples of classroom-tested inquiries: designing a prosthetic arm for a child, making a paleontology investigation, and taking a closer look at the arts within roller coaster engineering. This book is an invaluable resource for teachers and teacher trainers, university faculty, researchers, and school administrators. It will also be of interest to science, mathematics, engineering, computer science, information technology, arts and design and technology teachers.

Education And Awareness Of Sustainability - Proceedings Of The 3rd Eurasian Conference On Educational Innovation 2020 (Ecei 2020)

By Charles Tijus,Teen-hang Meen,Chun-yen Chang
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Isbn : 9811228019
  • Pages : 1004
  • Category : Education
  • Reads : 955
  • File Pdf: education-and-awareness-of-sustainability-proceedings-of-the-3rd-eurasian-conference-on-educational-innovation-2020.pdf

Book Summary:

This volume represents the proceedings of the 3rd Eurasian Conference on Educational Innovation 2020 (ECEI 2020). Thes conference is organized by the International Institute of Knowledge Innovation and Invention (IIKII), and was held on February 5-7, 2020 in Hanoi, Vietnam.ECEI 2020 provides a unified communication platform for researchers in a range of topics in education innovation and other related fields. This proceedings volume enables interdisciplinary collaboration of science and engineering technologists. It is a fine starting point for establishing an international network in the academic and industrial fields.

Learning Science by Doing Science

By Alan Colburn
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Corwin Press
  • Isbn : 150638739X
  • Pages : 208
  • Category : Education
  • Reads : 104
  • File Pdf: learning-science.pdf

Book Summary:

Time-tested activities to teach the key ideas of science—and turn students into scientists! This witty book adapts classic investigations to help students in grades 3 through 8 truly think and act like scientists. Chapter by chapter, this accessible primer illustrates a “big idea” about the nature of science and offers clear links to the Next Generation Science Standards and its Science and Engineering Practices. You’ll also find: A reader-friendly overview of the NGSS Guidance on adapting the activities to your grade level, including communicating instructions, facilitating discussions, and managing safety concerns Case studies of working scientists to highlight specifics about the science and engineering practices

The Art of R Programming

By Norman Matloff
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : No Starch Press
  • Isbn : 1593274106
  • Pages : 400
  • Category : Computers
  • Reads : 550
  • File Pdf: the-art-of-r-programming.pdf

Book Summary:

R is the world's most popular language for developing statistical software: Archaeologists use it to track the spread of ancient civilizations, drug companies use it to discover which medications are safe and effective, and actuaries use it to assess financial risks and keep economies running smoothly. The Art of R Programming takes you on a guided tour of software development with R, from basic types and data structures to advanced topics like closures, recursion, and anonymous functions. No statistical knowledge is required, and your programming skills can range from hobbyist to pro. Along the way, you'll learn about functional and object-oriented programming, running mathematical simulations, and rearranging complex data into simpler, more useful formats. You'll also learn to: –Create artful graphs to visualize complex data sets and functions –Write more efficient code using parallel R and vectorization –Interface R with C/C++ and Python for increased speed or functionality –Find new R packages for text analysis, image manipulation, and more –Squash annoying bugs with advanced debugging techniques Whether you're designing aircraft, forecasting the weather, or you just need to tame your data, The Art of R Programming is your guide to harnessing the power of statistical computing.

Teaching and Learning of Physics in Cultural Contexts

By Yunebae Park
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Isbn : 9814483168
  • Pages : 492
  • Category : Education
  • Reads : 223
  • File Pdf: teaching-and-learning-of-physics-in-cultural-contexts.pdf

Book Summary:

' The aims of the International Conference on Physics Education in Cultural Contexts were to explore ways towards convergent and divergent physics learning beyond school boundaries, improve physics education through the use of traditional and modern cultural contexts, and exchange research and experience in physics education between different cultures. A total of 45 papers have been selected for this volume. The material is divided into three parts: Context and History, Conceptual Changes, and Media. The proceedings have been selected for coverage in: • Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings (ISTP CDROM version / ISI Proceedings) • Index to Social Sciences & Humanities Proceedings® (ISSHP® / ISI Proceedings) • Index to Social Sciences & Humanities Proceedings (ISSHP CDROM version / ISI Proceedings) • CC Proceedings — Engineering & Physical Sciences Contents:Context and History:Physics, Technology and Society (J Solomon)Physics for the Lay Student (L W Trowbridge)Cross-Border Quality Assessment in Physics (G Tibell)Analysis of Factors Related to Career Choice in Science (J Yoon & S-J Pak)Conceptual Change:How Do Students Understand Environmental Issues in Relation to Physics? (I Tokuya et al.)Study of Students' Cognitive Process for Line Graphs (T Kim et al.)Development of Course on Practice of Cognitive Conflict Strategy for Physics Teachers (H Choi et al.)Development of Teaching Materials Focused on Sequential Concepts: Case of Electromotive Force and Voltage Drop (D Kim et al.)Media:Taking the Physics Classroom Into the World (C J Chiaverina)Teaching Physics and the Arts (T D Rossing)Measurement of Wavelength Using CCD Camera (H Lee et al.)Science Friction (A Kazachkov et al.)and other papers Readership: Graduate students, academics and researchers in education, physics and the history of science. Keywords:Physics Education;Cultural Context;Comparative Education;Conceptual Change;Educational Media;Students'' Conception;Physics History'

Deep Learning with Azure

By Mathew Salvaris,Danielle Dean,Wee Hyong Tok
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Apress
  • Isbn : 1484236793
  • Pages : 284
  • Category : Computers
  • Reads : 670
  • File Pdf: deep-learning-with-azure.pdf

Book Summary:

Get up-to-speed with Microsoft's AI Platform. Learn to innovate and accelerate with open and powerful tools and services that bring artificial intelligence to every data scientist and developer. Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the new normal. Innovations in deep learning algorithms and hardware are happening at a rapid pace. It is no longer a question of should I build AI into my business, but more about where do I begin and how do I get started with AI? Written by expert data scientists at Microsoft, Deep Learning with the Microsoft AI Platform helps you with the how-to of doing deep learning on Azure and leveraging deep learning to create innovative and intelligent solutions. Benefit from guidance on where to begin your AI adventure, and learn how the cloud provides you with all the tools, infrastructure, and services you need to do AI. What You'll Learn Become familiar with the tools, infrastructure, and services available for deep learning on Microsoft Azure such as Azure Machine Learning services and Batch AI Use pre-built AI capabilities (Computer Vision, OCR, gender, emotion, landmark detection, and more) Understand the common deep learning models, including convolutional neural networks (CNNs), recurrent neural networks (RNNs), generative adversarial networks (GANs) with sample code and understand how the field is evolving Discover the options for training and operationalizing deep learning models on Azure Who This Book Is For Professional data scientists who are interested in learning more about deep learning and how to use the Microsoft AI platform. Some experience with Python is helpful.

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