2016-11-28

Speak and Read Chinese

By ,
  • Full Title : Speak and Read Chinese
  • Author : ,
  • Publisher : Stone Bridge Press
  • ISBN Code : 1611729211
  • Pages : 160
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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From one of the authors of Basic Patterns of Chinese Grammar comes Speak and Read Chinese, a simple, fun guide that helps language learners remember essential Chinese characters. Students and teachers rate character pronunciation and tones the two most difficult aspects of learning Chinese. This book addresses this issue by organizing easy pronunciation and tone memorization tricks for the three hundred most basic characters in popular textbook series like Integrated Chinese and New Practical Chinese Reader. Larry Herzberg did his Master's and PhD work in Chinese Language and Literature at Indiana University. He founded Chinese-language programs at two colleges and has been teaching for thirty years.


2020-05-26

Elementary Mandarin Chinese Workbook

By Cornelius C. Kubler
  • Full Title : Elementary Mandarin Chinese Workbook
  • Author : Cornelius C. Kubler
  • Publisher : Tuttle Publishing
  • ISBN Code : 1462921264
  • Pages : 192
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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This workbook is designed for use with the Elementary Mandarin Chinese Textbook and offers a wealth of carefully-designed practice activities to help you solidify every aspect of your Chinese skills in listening, speaking, reading, and writing. It includes extensive interactive drills, exercises and other practice materials. Online audio files are available for use in the relevant exercises. The lessons in this workbook correspond to the 24 lessons in the Elementary Mandarin Chinese Textbook. The materials in this workbook are meant to be completed by students outside of class to strengthen and consolidate their understanding of the materials in the textbook. Lessons 1 and 2 of the Workbook contain exercises to learn to read and pronounce the Pinyin alphabet along with simple classroom expressions. They also introduce 48 basic Chinese characters. Beginning with Lesson 3, each lesson of the workbook contains two parts. Each part has two sets of listening comprehension exercises, one translation exercise, one character practice sheet, and one reading and writing exercise. Lessons 13 and 24 of the textbook are review lessons and therefore have no corresponding workbook materials.


2017-10-16

Speak and Read Japanese

By Larry Herzberg
  • Full Title : Speak and Read Japanese
  • Author : Larry Herzberg
  • Publisher : Stone Bridge Press, Inc.
  • ISBN Code : 1611729289
  • Pages : 128
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Speak and Read Japanese provides language learners simple, fun, and imaginative ways to remember essential Japanese words and characters. Mastering basic vocabulary and kanji is one of the first challenges any Japanese learner faces. This book addresses this challenge head on, complementing the content of all major text books and providing valuable tips to independent students. Indexed for quick reference.


2019-07-02

Learn to Speak Mandarin I

By Jade Jia Ying Wu
  • Full Title : Learn to Speak Mandarin I
  • Author : Jade Jia Ying Wu
  • Publisher : InspirLang
  • ISBN Code : 0999694642
  • Pages : 148
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Imagine you have found your dream job at a company that is located in a different country, but you don’t speak the language of that country. This is the case for An An, the narrator of this textbook. An An is a brave panda from Washington, D.C. who learned Mandarin and traveled across the world to Beijing for his dream job interview. In this book, you will join An An for 10 hours (chapters) for his first day in Beijing going to his job interview and learning to speak Chinese in a variety of settings. An An will teach you everything you need to know to master basic conversational Mandarin. Follow along as he introduces himself to the job interviewer, describes his favorite pastimes, and as he meets his dream significant other, panda Ping Ping.Ranging from asking for directions, to communicating with the taxi driver in Mandarin while learning how to count, each lesson combines cultural insights about Chinese traditions and customs alongside basic language instruction. Free audio and flashcards are downloadable from www.inspirlang.com/resource.


2012-11-15

Basic Patterns of Chinese Grammar

By Qin Xue Herzberg,Larry Herzberg
  • Full Title : Basic Patterns of Chinese Grammar
  • Author : Qin Xue Herzberg,Larry Herzberg
  • Publisher : Stone Bridge Press
  • ISBN Code : 9781611725285
  • Pages : 128
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Here is a concise guide to supplement any course of study and help with homework, travel, and test preparation. Topics include word order, time, nouns, verbs, adjectives, word choices with verbs and adverbs, and letter writing. The simple format has one goal: quick mastery and growing confidence. Qin Xue Herzberg, a graduate of Beijing Normal University, has taught Chinese for decades and has been an upper-level Chinese professor at Calvin College for ten years. Larry Herzberg did his PhD work in Chinese and founded the Chinese language programs at Albion College and Calvin College. Qin and Larry live in Grand Rapids, Michigan, and are co-authors of the popular China Survival Guide as well as Chinese Proverbs and Popular Sayings.


2013-09-03

Essential Chinese

By Philip Yungkin Lee
  • Full Title : Essential Chinese
  • Author : Philip Yungkin Lee
  • Publisher : Tuttle Publishing
  • ISBN Code : 1462913377
  • Pages : 208
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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This portable, user–friendly Chinese language guide, phrasebook and dictionary is the cheapest and easiest way to learn Chinese before and during your trip. If you only want one Chinese language book—Essential Chinese is the way to go. Part of Tuttle Publishing's Essential Phrasebooks Series, it is a great first introduction and beginner guide to the language of China and Taiwan and is also designed as a great Chinese phrasebook, making it the most versatile Chinese language learning tool on the market. Perfect for business people or tourist traveling to China or for students who want to supplement their learning, this book's easy indexing feature allows it to act as a Mandarin phrase book or as English–Chinese Dictionary. A clever "point to" feature allows you to simply point to a phrase translated in Chinese without the need to say a single word or read a single character. You will soon find yourself turning to Essential Chinese again and again when visiting or working in China. In this book you will find: Over 1500 practical sentences for everyday use. A glossary of over 2000 terms and expressions. Terms and phrases covering essential aspects of traveling and living in China. Extensive information about Chinese grammar and pronunciation. This beginner Chinese book will help you quickly and easily learn Chinese. Your ability to read Chinese, write Chinese, speak Chinese, and comprehend Chinese will be vastly improved without having to take an entire Chinese language class. Other titles in this bestselling series of phrasebooks include: Essential Japanese, Essential Arabic, Essential Korean, Essential Tagalog, and Essential Arabic.


2005-06-03

Contested Modernities in Chinese Literature

By C. Laughlin
  • Full Title : Contested Modernities in Chinese Literature
  • Author : C. Laughlin
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 1403981337
  • Pages : 246
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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This book is a significant gathering of ideas on the subject of modern Chinese literature and culture of the past several years. The essays represent a wide spectrum of new approaches and new areas of subject matter that are changing the landscape of knowledge of modern and contemporary Chinese culture: women's literature, theatre (performance), film, graphic arts, popular literature, as well as literature of the Chinese diaspora. These phenomena and the approaches to them manifest interconnected trajectories for new scholarship in the field: the rewriting of literary history, the emergence of visual culture, and the quotidian apocalypse - the displacement of revolutionary romanticism and realism as central paradigms for cultural expression by the perspective of private, everyday experience.


2003-12-30

Reading Development in Chinese Children

By Catherine McBride-Chang,Hsuan-Chih Chen
  • Full Title : Reading Development in Chinese Children
  • Author : Catherine McBride-Chang,Hsuan-Chih Chen
  • Publisher : ABC-CLIO
  • ISBN Code : 031305312X
  • Pages : 248
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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This text reviews both similarities and unique cultural, linguistic, and script differences of Chinese relative to alphabetic reading, and even across Chinese regions. Chinese reading acquisition relies upon children's strongly developing analytic skills, as highlighted here. These 16 chapters present state-of-the-art research on diverse aspects of Chinese children's reading development. This edited volume presents research on Chinese children's reading development across Chinese societies. Authors from China, Hong Kong, Singapore, and Taiwan, among others, present the latest findings on how Chinese children learn to read. Reading acquisition in Chinese involves some parameters typically not encountered in some other orthographies, such as English. For example, Chinese readers in different regions might speak different, mutually unintelligible languages, be taught to read with or without the aid of a phonetic coding system, and learn different scripts. This book both implicitly and explicitly considers these and other contextual issues in relation to developmental and cognitive factors involved in Chinese literacy acquisition. One of the clearest themes to emerge from this volume is that, across regions, Chinese children, despite lack of explicit teaching of phonetic or semantic character components, learn to read largely by integrating visible print-sound and print-meaning connections. Rather than learning to read Chinese characters by rote, as is sometimes mistakenly believed, these children are analytic learners. Chapters in this book also cover such topics as Chinese children's reading comprehension, cognitive characteristics of good and poor readers, and reading strategies of bilingual and biscriptal readers. This book is a useful reference for anyone interested in understanding either developing or skilled reading of Chinese or for those interested in literacy learning across cultures.


2019-06-21

First Chinese Reader for Beginners

By Marina Chan
  • Full Title : First Chinese Reader for Beginners
  • Author : Marina Chan
  • Publisher : Audiolego
  • ISBN Code :
  • Pages : 160
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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The book consists of Elementary and Pre-intermediate courses with parallel Chinese-English texts. The author maintains learners' motivation with funny stories about real life situations such as meeting people, studying, job searches, working etc. The method utilizes the natural human ability to remember words used in texts repeatedly and systematically. The author composed each sentence using only words explained in previous chapters. The second and the following chapters of the Elementary course have only about thirty new words each. Phonetic transcription Pinyin transcribes the sounds of Mandarin using the western (Roman) alphabet. The book is equipped with the audio tracks. The address of the home page of the book on the Internet, where audio files are available for listening and downloading, is listed at the beginning of the book on the copyright page. As you read a bilingual reader, your brain begins to remember words and phrases simply because you are exposed to them several times. You don’t even realize, until you must recall what you’ve learned, that you have already learned the new words and phrases. The graded language book with a parallel translation has helped many to uncover their potential for learning multiple languages. Whether you are learning a language as a hobby or for a necessary purpose, you will find such books are supportive. It can usually take you from one to three months to finish a bilingual graded reader at beginner level (A1) and elementary level (A2). The amount of time depends on your previous experience with learning foreign languages and on your personal abilities. At this point you should be able to ask and answer simple questions with the following questioning words: What? Who? Where? When? Which? How many/much? A good idea is to use the free VLC media player to control the playing speed. You can control the playing speed by decreasing or increasing the speed value on the button of the VLC media player's interface. Read and listen at the same time!


2010-07-01

Teaching and Learning Chinese

By Jinfa Cai,Jianguo Chen,Chuang Wang
  • Full Title : Teaching and Learning Chinese
  • Author : Jinfa Cai,Jianguo Chen,Chuang Wang
  • Publisher : IAP
  • ISBN Code : 1617350664
  • Pages : 369
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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The book is linked to the annual theme of the 2008 CAERDA International Conference with contributing authors serving as keynote speakers, invited panelists, paper presenters, as well as specialists and educators in the field. The book provides a most comprehensive description of and a theoretically wellinformed and a scholarly cogent account of teaching and learning Chinese in general and in the United States in particular. It examines a wide range of important issues in Chinese teaching and learning: current state in teaching Chinese as a Second Language (TCSL) in the United States, US national standards for learning foreign languages K-12, policy making about how to meet the growing demand for Chinese language and cultural education with regard to a national coordination of efforts, professional teacher training in terms of the quantity and quality of Chinese language teachers at all levels, promotion of early language learning, characteristics of Chinese pedagogy, aspects of Chinese linguistics, methods and methodology in teaching TCSL, techniques and technology in Chinese language education, curriculum and instruction in TCSL, cultural aspects of teaching Chinese as a Second Language, issues in Chinese pedagogy, development of Chinese as a Heritage Language (HL) and the issue of cultural identity for bilingual/multilingual learners (particularly bilingual/multilingual children), testing and evaluation in TCSL, Chinese literacy and reading, approaches to instruction and program design, etc.


2016-04-30

Ethnic Chinese As Southeast Asians

By NA NA
  • Full Title : Ethnic Chinese As Southeast Asians
  • Author : NA NA
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 1137076356
  • Pages : 308
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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This book addresses ethnic Chinese issues, as well as ethnic Chinese relations with China and with indigenous groups in the region.


2011-06-09

Migration, Indigenization and Interaction

By Leo Suryadinata
  • Full Title : Migration, Indigenization and Interaction
  • Author : Leo Suryadinata
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • ISBN Code : 9814458260
  • Pages : 336
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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The twelve chapters included in this book address various issues related to Chinese migration, indigenization and exchange with special reference to the era of globalization. As the waves of Chinese migration started in the last century, the emphasis, not surprisingly, is placed on the “migrant states” rather than “indigenous states”. Nevertheless, many chapters are also concerned with issues of “settling down” and “becoming part of the local scenes”. However, the settling/integrating process has been interrupted by a globalizing world, new Chinese migration and the rise of China at the end of 20th century. Contents:Migration and Globalization:Migration, Localization and Cultural Exchange: Global Perspectives of Chinese OverseasThree Cultures of MigrationThe Huagong, the Huashang and the DiasporaNorth America:Immigrants from China to Canada: Issues of Supply and Demand of Human CapitalDeconstructing Parental Involvement: Chinese Immigrants in CanadaMigration, Ethnicity and Citizenry of Chinese Americans in Selected Regions of the USSouth and Southeast Asia:Territory and Centrality Among the Chinese in KolkataExamining the Demographic Developments Relating to the Ethnic Chinese in Vietnam Since 1954Integration, Indigenization, Hybridization and Localization of the Ethnic Chinese Minority in the PhilippinesElephant vs Tiger: A Comparative Analysis of Entrepreneurship of Two Prominent Southeast Asian Beer CorporationsChina and Chinese Overseas:Migration and China's Urban Reading Public: Shifting Representations of Overseas Chinese in Shanghai's Dongfang Zazhi (Eastern Miscellany) 1904–1948Return Chinese Migrants or Canadian Diaspora? Exploring the Experience of Chinese Canadians in China Readership: Students, professionals and general public who are interested in the field of study of Chinese Overseas regarding migration, indigenization and interaction. The book is mainly on Chinese migration, indigenization and exchange between ethnic Chinese and their host or adopted countries as well as between ethnic Chinese and China. Keywords:Chinese Overseas;Ethnic Chinese;Migration;Globalization;North America;South Asia;Southeast AsiaKey Features:This book attempts to cover various issues and regions, both the West and Asia. It is very topical and up-to-date. The contributors consist of both young and old writers. The senior writers are leading authorities in the field


2008-11-13

7 Steps to Raising a Bilingual Child

By Naomi Steiner,Susan Hayes,Steven Parker
  • Full Title : 7 Steps to Raising a Bilingual Child
  • Author : Naomi Steiner,Susan Hayes,Steven Parker
  • Publisher : AMACOM
  • ISBN Code : 0814401767
  • Pages : 208
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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The best time to learn a second language is as a child. During childhood, the brain is more receptive to language learning than at any other time in life. Aware that a second language can enrich their child's understanding of other cultures and bring future job opportunities in a world drawn ever closer by globalization, many parents today are motivated to raise their children bilingual. This book helps parents in both monolingual and multilingual families determine and achieve their bilingual goals for their child, whether those goals are understanding others, the ability to speak a second language, reading and/or writing in two languages, or some combination of all of these. The authors explain how the brain learns more than one language, explode common myths, address frequently asked questions, and reveal an array of resources available to families. Packed with insightful anecdotes and powerful strategies, this is a one-of-a-kind guidebook for those seeking to provide their children with a uniquely valuable experience.


2002-06-10

Song of the Ogeechee

By Jerry A. Maddox
  • Full Title : Song of the Ogeechee
  • Author : Jerry A. Maddox
  • Publisher : AuthorHouse
  • ISBN Code : 1403300062
  • Pages : 332
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Song of the Ogeechee is based on a true story about two cousins who were like brothers born to families of affluent cotton planters in early 19th century Georgia who encountered set backs and ordeals caused by the Civil War followed by other hardships during the Reconstruction period. It continues after this period to tell how they overcame problems and responded to adverse conditions to be recognized for their efforts in a world that was busy with industrial progress and social change. The Allen cousins were born in Burke County near Midville not far from the Ogeechee River. Dr. Young John Allen spent his life in China and when he died was well known throughout China, Korea, Japan, and America for his achievements as a Methodist missionary in China from 1860 to 1907. Capt. John P. Allen spent his life in Dawson and Terrell County, Georgia, and when he died was well known throughout the South as a member of the ‘Immortal Six Hundred’ and as a pioneer citizen and reputable jeweler in Dawson. The author attempts to tell this story for the first time to relate the amazing account of heritage and inherited talent in the Allen family through the symbol of a silver chalice passed on to descendants from 1857 and the magic of the Ogeechee River, the Indian name for ‘River of Songs’.


2004-10-29

User-Centered Interaction Paradigms for Universal Access in the Information Society

By Christian Stary,Constantine Stephanidis
  • Full Title : User-Centered Interaction Paradigms for Universal Access in the Information Society
  • Author : Christian Stary,Constantine Stephanidis
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 3540301119
  • Pages : 488
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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The 8th ERCIM Workshop “User Interfaces for All” was held in Vienna, Austria, on 28–29 June 2004, building upon the results of the seven previous workshops held in Heraklion, Crete, Greece, 30–31 October 1995; Prague, Czech Republic, 7–8 Nov- ber 1996; Obernai, France, 3–4 November 1997; Stockholm, Sweden, 19–21 October 1998; Dagstuhl, Germany, 28 November – 1 December 1999; Florence, Italy, 25–26 October 2000; and Paris (Chantilly), France, 24–25 October 2002. The concept of “User Interfaces for All” targets a proactive realization of the “- signforall”principleinthe?eldofhuman-computerinteraction(HCI),andinvolvesthe developmentof user interfaces to interactiveapplicationsand e-services, which provide universalaccess andusabilityto potentiallyall users. In thetraditionofits predecessors, the 8th ERCIM Workshop “User Interfaces for All” aimed to consolidate recent work and to stimulate further discussion on the state of the art in “User Interfaces for All” and its increasing range of applications in the upcoming Information Society. The emphasis of the 2004 event was on “User-Centered Interaction Paradigms for Universal Access in the Information Society. ” The requirement for user-centered u- versal access stems from the growing impact of the fusion of the emerging techno- gies and from the different dimensions of diversity that are intrinsic to the Information Society. These dimensions become evident when considering the broad range of user characteristics, the changing nature of human activities, the variety of contexts of use, the increasing availability and diversi?cation of information, knowledge sources and e-services, the proliferation of technological platforms, etc.


2020-03-10

Elementary Mandarin Chinese Textbook

By Cornelius C. Kubler
  • Full Title : Elementary Mandarin Chinese Textbook
  • Author : Cornelius C. Kubler
  • Publisher : Tuttle Publishing
  • ISBN Code : 1462921256
  • Pages : 288
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Elementary Mandarin Chinese Textbook is a new beginner Mandarin Chinese course which enables you to quickly learn the basics of the language. The 24 lessons in this book are meant to be used in 3 hours per week of class instruction over one academic year. Students will need another 2–3 hours of outside practice and review for every hour of class time, using the materials in the accompanying Elementary Mandarin Chinese Workbook. These books can also be used by self-study learners due to the extensive explanations and free supplementary materials available — including online audio and video recordings and flash cards. The entire course can be completed in 25 to 35 weeks and teaches you the basic skills of speaking, reading and writing Mandarin Chinese at a conversational level. Each lesson starts with a dialogue and includes a list of new and supplementary Chinese vocabulary along with questions and grammar notes about the dialogue, a reading section and extensive exercises (that are in the Workbook). Elementary Mandarin Chinese Textbook offers the following significant advantages over other similar textbooks: Common, everyday Chinese dialogues are used—complete with vocabulary lists and questions and storylines based on actual everyday experiences in China Chinese grammar is explained in simple, non-technical terms with useful notes and tips given Reading exercises are provided for all new words and phrases in each lesson Free online audio recordings by native speakers from different regions of China help you not only acquire correct pronunciation, but also to understand Chinese speakers who have different accents Illustrations and supplementary video clips add authenticity to the materials in the book A Chinese-English dictionary, downloadable flash cards and supplementary exercises are all provided Both Chinese characters and Pinyin Romanized forms are given throughout the book (except for the reading exercises), so this book can be used by students who wish to focus on learning the spoken language, as well as those who are learning to read and write the Chinese characters simultaneously. This textbook should be used in conjunction with Elementary Mandarin Chinese Workbook and the included audio files, which can be downloaded free directly from the Tuttle website.


2018-12-07

Intermediate Chinese

By Po-Ching Yip,Don Rimmington
  • Full Title : Intermediate Chinese
  • Author : Po-Ching Yip,Don Rimmington
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 1134011318
  • Pages : 384
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Intermediate Chinese is the ideal reference and practice book for students with some knowledge of the language. Each of the 25 units deals with a particular grammatical point and provides associated exercises. Features include: clear, accessible format many useful language examples jargon-free grammar explanations sample drills and exercises with full answer key. All Chinese entries are presented in both pinyin romanisation and Chinese characters, and are accompanied, in most cases, by English translations to facilitate self-tuition in both the spoken and the written language. This new edition also includes a glossary of vocabulary and aglossary of grammatical terms. Intermediate Chinese reviews the principal elements presented in its sister volume, Basic Chinese, and introduces more complicated structures. The two books form a compendium of the essentials of Chinese grammar.


2020-03-15

Wittgenstein, A One-way Ticket, and Other Unforeseen Benefits of Studying Chinese

By Perry Link
  • Full Title : Wittgenstein, A One-way Ticket, and Other Unforeseen Benefits of Studying Chinese
  • Author : Perry Link
  • Publisher : The Chinese University of Hong Kong Press
  • ISBN Code : 9882370942
  • Pages : 240
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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This is a fascinating, insightful collection of essays by some of the world's most renowned China experts, who share personal recollections of their time in China—often beginning in the 1970s, when foreigners were just beginning to navigate the linguistic and cultural terrain of that country—and reflect on what learning Chinese has meant to them in their careers and lives. Ian Johnson, the Pulitzer Prize–winning journalist notes in his essay, it is only by knowing the language that we can effectively enter people's lives—their myths and histories, their interior lives and dreams. Trying to do this without speaking the language is usually fraudulent and results in only a clichéd understanding of other cultures. Simply knowing Chinese won't solve all these problems, but the reverse proposition is true: we can't really understand China and interpret it for audiences back home unless we know the language. Thomas Gorman's equally sprightly essay tells how, in 1974, he set out hitchhiking to Vancouver in order to take a cheap flight to Hong Kong, where he arrived with only $150 in his pocket. Twenty-one years later, he was president of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce in Hong Kong. These ten native English speakers (including veteran journalists, expert in Chinese art history, scholar in classical Chinese literature, teacher of Chinese language, economics policy advisor, business persons, and expert in Chinese law) share rare and, at times, humorous and intimate moments, of how learning and speaking Chinese has removed barriers, built rapport, opened doors and sometimes led them down entirely unexpected roads that have changed the course of their lives.


2010-09-23

The "Inscrutably Chinese" Church

By Nathan Faries
  • Full Title : The "Inscrutably Chinese" Church
  • Author : Nathan Faries
  • Publisher : Lexington Books
  • ISBN Code : 0739139592
  • Pages : 310
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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The 'Inscrutably Chinese' Church will move readers nearer to the Chinese Christian experience, help foreign readers to see more clearly how Chinese Christians view their government and themselves in relation to those ruling powers. It is the division between insider points of view and those from the outside to which the subtitle of this book refers, and this is a gap in understanding which this book attempts to close.


2012-08-28

The Ravenous Brain

By Daniel Bor
  • Full Title : The Ravenous Brain
  • Author : Daniel Bor
  • Publisher : Basic Books
  • ISBN Code : 0465032966
  • Pages : 352
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Consciousness is our gateway to experience: it enables us to recognize Van Gogh’s starry skies, be enraptured by Beethoven’s Fifth, and stand in awe of a snowcapped mountain. Yet consciousness is subjective, personal, and famously difficult to examine: philosophers have for centuries declared this mental entity so mysterious as to be impenetrable to science. In The Ravenous Brain, neuroscientist Daniel Bor departs sharply from this historical view, and builds on the latest research to propose a new model for how consciousness works. Bor argues that this brain-based faculty evolved as an accelerated knowledge gathering tool. Consciousness is effectively an idea factory—that choice mental space dedicated to innovation, a key component of which is the discovery of deep structures within the contents of our awareness. This model explains our brains’ ravenous appetite for information—and in particular, its constant search for patterns. Why, for instance, after all our physical needs have been met, do we recreationally solve crossword or Sudoku puzzles? Such behavior may appear biologically wasteful, but, according to Bor, this search for structure can yield immense evolutionary benefits—it led our ancestors to discover fire and farming, pushed modern society to forge ahead in science and technology, and guides each one of us to understand and control the world around us. But the sheer innovative power of human consciousness carries with it the heavy cost of mental fragility. Bor discusses the medical implications of his theory of consciousness, and what it means for the origins and treatment of psychiatric ailments, including attention-deficit disorder, schizophrenia, manic depression, and autism. All mental illnesses, he argues, can be reformulated as disorders of consciousness—a perspective that opens up new avenues of treatment for alleviating mental suffering. A controversial view of consciousness, The Ravenous Brain links cognition to creativity in an ingenious solution to one of science’s biggest mysteries.