2013-07-30

Mapping Scientific Frontiers

By ,
  • Full Title : Mapping Scientific Frontiers
  • Author : ,
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN Code : 1447151283
  • Pages : 344
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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This is an examination of the history and the state of the art of the quest for visualizing scientific knowledge and the dynamics of its development. Through an interdisciplinary perspective this book presents profound visions, pivotal advances, and insightful contributions made by generations of researchers and professionals, which portrays a holistic view of the underlying principles and mechanisms of the development of science. This updated and extended second edition: highlights the latest advances in mapping scientific frontiers examines the foundations of strategies, principles, and design patterns provides an integrated and holistic account of major developments across disciplinary boundaries “Anyone who tries to follow the exponential growth of the literature on citation analysis and scientometrics knows how difficult it is to keep pace. Chaomei Chen has identified the significant methods and applications in visual graphics and made them clear to the uninitiated. Derek Price would have loved this book which not only pays homage to him but also to the key players in information science and a wide variety of others in the sociology and history of science.” – Eugene Garfield “This is a wide ranging book on information visualization, with a specific focus on science mapping. Science mapping is still in its infancy and many intellectual challenges remain to be investigated and many of which are outlined in the final chapter. In this new edition Chaomei Chen has provided an essential text, useful both as a primer for new entrants and as a comprehensive overview of recent developments for the seasoned practitioner.” – Henry Small Chaomei Chen is a Professor in the College of Information Science and Technology at Drexel University, Philadelphia, USA, and a ChangJiang Scholar at Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China. He is the Editor-in-Chief of Information Visualization and the author of Turning Points: The Nature of Creativity (Springer, 2012) and Information Visualization: Beyond the Horizon (Springer, 2004, 2006).


2013-12-16

Opening Science

By Sönke Bartling,Sascha Friesike
  • Full Title : Opening Science
  • Author : Sönke Bartling,Sascha Friesike
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 3319000268
  • Pages : 339
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Modern information and communication technologies, together with a cultural upheaval within the research community, have profoundly changed research in nearly every aspect. Ranging from sharing and discussing ideas in social networks for scientists to new collaborative environments and novel publication formats, knowledge creation and dissemination as we know it is experiencing a vigorous shift towards increased transparency, collaboration and accessibility. Many assume that research workflows will change more in the next 20 years than they have in the last 200. This book provides researchers, decision makers, and other scientific stakeholders with a snapshot of the basics, the tools, and the underlying visions that drive the current scientific (r)evolution, often called ‘Open Science.’


2010-07-15

Essay on the Geography of Plants

By Alexander von Humboldt,Aimé Bonpland
  • Full Title : Essay on the Geography of Plants
  • Author : Alexander von Humboldt,Aimé Bonpland
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN Code : 0226360687
  • Pages : 296
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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The legacy of Alexander von Humboldt (1769–1859) looms large over the natural sciences. His 1799–1804 research expedition to Central and South America with botanist Aimé Bonpland set the course for the great scientific surveys of the nineteenth century, and inspired such essayists and artists as Emerson, Goethe, Thoreau, Poe, and Church. The chronicles of the expedition were published in Paris after Humboldt’s return, and first among them was the 1807 “Essay on the Geography of Plants.” Among the most cited writings in natural history, after the works of Darwin and Wallace, this work appears here for the first time in a complete English-language translation. Covering far more than its title implies, it represents the first articulation of an integrative “science of the earth, ” encompassing most of today’s environmental sciences. Ecologist Stephen T. Jackson introduces the treatise and explains its enduring significance two centuries after its publication.


2011-02-22

Is God a Mathematician?

By Mario Livio
  • Full Title : Is God a Mathematician?
  • Author : Mario Livio
  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • ISBN Code : 1416594434
  • Pages : 320
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Bestselling author and astrophysicist Mario Livio examines the lives and theories of history’s greatest mathematicians to ask how—if mathematics is an abstract construction of the human mind—it can so perfectly explain the physical world. Nobel Laureate Eugene Wigner once wondered about “the unreasonable effectiveness of mathematics” in the formulation of the laws of nature. Is God a Mathematician? investigates why mathematics is as powerful as it is. From ancient times to the present, scientists and philosophers have marveled at how such a seemingly abstract discipline could so perfectly explain the natural world. More than that—mathematics has often made predictions, for example, about subatomic particles or cosmic phenomena that were unknown at the time, but later were proven to be true. Is mathematics ultimately invented or discovered? If, as Einstein insisted, mathematics is “a product of human thought that is independent of experience,” how can it so accurately describe and even predict the world around us? Physicist and author Mario Livio brilliantly explores mathematical ideas from Pythagoras to the present day as he shows us how intriguing questions and ingenious answers have led to ever deeper insights into our world. This fascinating book will interest anyone curious about the human mind, the scientific world, and the relationship between them.


2019-12-12

The Sociology Book

By Sarah Tomley,Mitchell Hobbs,Megan Todd,Marcus Weeks,DK
  • Full Title : The Sociology Book
  • Author : Sarah Tomley,Mitchell Hobbs,Megan Todd,Marcus Weeks,DK
  • Publisher : Penguin
  • ISBN Code : 1465499490
  • Pages : 352
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Exploring more than 80 of the big ideas and key theories in the field of sociology in a clear and simple way, this is the perfect introduction to the study of how humans live and interact with each other. The Sociology Book offers a deep dive into a range of societal issues, ranging from government and gender identity to inequalities, globalization, and even the "Disneyfication" of today's world. New globalizing forces make our world increasingly interconnected. Similar issues affect us all: discover the tension between the needs of the individual and society, the changing workplace, and the role of everything from government to mass culture in our lives. To explain each concept, The Sociology Book makes each topic crystal clear using quirky graphics, pithy quotes, and step-by-step summaries. It defines terms such as "liquid modernity" and "communitarianism", and explains the theories of seminal thinkers from Karl Marx and Auguste Comte to Sharon Zukin and Judith Butler. Examining everything from antisocial behavior to how the middle classes monopolize the best jobs, The Sociology Book is an unmissable read for students and anyone interested in human behavior. Series Overview: Big Ideas Simply Explained series uses creative design and innovative graphics along with straightforward and engaging writing to make complex subjects easier to understand. With over 7 million copies worldwide sold to date, these award-winning books provide just the information needed for students, families, or anyone interested in concise, thought-provoking refreshers on a single subject.


2012-07-12

Public Opinion

By Walter Lippmann
  • Full Title : Public Opinion
  • Author : Walter Lippmann
  • Publisher : Courier Corporation
  • ISBN Code : 0486119904
  • Pages : 240
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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A penetrative study of democratic theory and the role of citizens in a democracy, this classic by a two-time Pulitzer Prize-winner offers a prescient view of the media's function in shaping public perceptions.


2015-04-14

The Politics of Adaptation

By D. Hassler-Forest,P. Nicklas
  • Full Title : The Politics of Adaptation
  • Author : D. Hassler-Forest,P. Nicklas
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 1137443855
  • Pages : 265
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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In the age of globalization, digitization, and media convergence, traditional hierarchies between media are breaking down. This book offers new approaches to understanding the politics and their underlying ideologies that are reshaping our global media landscape, including questions of audience participation and transmedia storytelling.


2004-11-02

Nervous Acts

By G. Rousseau
  • Full Title : Nervous Acts
  • Author : G. Rousseau
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 0230505155
  • Pages : 395
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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These essays demonstrate the sweeping influence of the human nervous system on the rise of literature and sensibility in early modern Europe. The brain and nerves have usually been treated as narrow topics within the history of science and medicine. Now George Rousseau, an international authority on the relations of literature and medicine, demonstrates why a broader context is necessary. The nervous system was a crucial factor in the rise of recent civilization. More than any other body part, it holds the key to understanding how far back the strains and stresses of modern life - fatigue, depression, mental illness - extend.


2016-05-04

A Formula for Eradicating Racism

By Timothy McGettigan,Earl Smith
  • Full Title : A Formula for Eradicating Racism
  • Author : Timothy McGettigan,Earl Smith
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 1137599758
  • Pages : 132
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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In this book, Tim McGettigan and Earl Smith make the unprecedented argument that racism is a remediable form of suggestion-induced sadism. The authors explain in plain terms how societies like the USA construct racism, and put forward a practical plan to eradicate racism in the USA and all over the world.


1997-09-26

Technology Transfer Systems in the United States and Germany

By National Academy of Engineering,Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research
  • Full Title : Technology Transfer Systems in the United States and Germany
  • Author : National Academy of Engineering,Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780309175531
  • Pages : 448
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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This book explores major similarities and differences in the structure, conduct, and performance of the national technology transfer systems of Germany and the United States. It maps the technology transfer landscape in each country in detail, uses case studies to examine the dynamics of technology transfer in four major technology areas, and identifies areas and opportunities for further mutual learning between the two national systems.


1999-05-21

Managing National Innovation Systems

By OECD
  • Full Title : Managing National Innovation Systems
  • Author : OECD
  • Publisher : OECD Publishing
  • ISBN Code : 9264189416
  • Pages : 120
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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This study defines the aims and tools of a new innovation policy and identifies examples of good policy practice recently implemented in OECD countries.


2013-07-24

Wonder-Full Education

By Kieran Egan,Annabella I. Cant,Gillian Judson
  • Full Title : Wonder-Full Education
  • Author : Kieran Egan,Annabella I. Cant,Gillian Judson
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 1135051054
  • Pages : 256
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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For many children much of the time their experience in classrooms can be rather dull, and yet the world the school is supposed to initiate children into is full of wonder. This book offers a rich understanding of the nature and roles of wonder in general and provides multiple suggestions for to how to revive wonder in adults (teachers and curriculum makers) and how to keep it alive in children. Its aim is to show that adequate education needs to take seriously the task of evoking wonder about the content of the curriculum and to show how this can routinely be done in everyday classrooms. The authors do not wax flowery; they present strong arguments based on either research or precisely described experience, and demonstrate how this argument can be seen to work itself out in daily practice. The emphasis is not on ways of evoking wonder that might require virtuoso teaching, but rather on how wonder can be evoked about the everyday features of the math or science or social studies curriculum in regular classrooms.


1998-03-01

Paul Lazarsfeld (1901-1976)

By ,
  • Full Title : Paul Lazarsfeld (1901-1976)
  • Author : ,
  • Publisher : Editions L\'Harmattan
  • ISBN Code : 2296358977
  • Pages : 550
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Ce livre présente les différents aspects et les différentes phases de l'influence profonde exercée dans les sciences sociales par le psychosociologue et le sociologue mathématicien Paul Lazarsfeld. Il s'agit d'une biographie intellectuelle et d'un essai de bilan sociologique. Au fil des contributions, les apports de Lazarsfeld à la sociologie des communications de masse, à l'analyse du vote par technique du panel et comme cas particulier de l'analyse empirique de l'action, son rapport paradoxal à la sociologie compréhensive, sa conception de la méthodologie, son type d'enseignement si particulier, sont présentés par les auteurs dont certains sont de grands sociologues ayant connu personnellement Lazarzsfeld. - Nombreux articles en anglais -


1977

Scientific Elite

By ,
  • Full Title : Scientific Elite
  • Author : ,
  • Publisher : Transaction Publishers
  • ISBN Code : 9781412833769
  • Pages : 335
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Scientific Elite is about Nobel prize winners and the well-defined stratification system in twentieth-century science. It tracks the careers of all American laureates who won prizes from 1907 until 1972, examining the complex interplay of merit and privilege at each stage of their scientific lives and the creation of the ultra-elite in science. The study draws on biographical and bibliographical data on laureates who did their prize-winning research in the United States, and on detailed interviews with forty-one of the fifty-six laureates living in the United States at the time the study was done. Zuckerman finds laureates being successively advantaged as time passes. These advantages are producing growing disparities between the elite and other scientists both in performance and in rewards, which create and maintain a sharply graded stratification system.