The Farm Labor Problem

  • Full Title : The Farm Labor Problem
  • Author :
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • ISBN Code : 0128172681
  • Pages : 241
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English

The Farm Labor Problem: A Global Perspective explores the unique character of agricultural labor markets and the implications for food production, farm worker welfare and advocacy, and immigration policy. Agricultural labor markets differ from other labor markets in fundamental ways related to seasonality and uncertainty, and they evolve differently than other labor markets as economies develop. We weave economic analysis with the history of agricultural labor markets using data and real-world events. The farm labor history of California and the United States is particularly rich, so it plays a central role in the book, but the book has a global perspective ensuring its relevance to Europe and high-income Asian countries. The chapters in this book provide readers with the basics for understanding how farm labor markets work (labor in agricultural household models, farm labor supply and demand, spatial market equilibria); farm labor and immigration policy; farm labor organizing; farm employment and rural poverty; unionization and the United Farm Workers movement; the Fair Food Program as a new approach to collective bargaining; the declining immigrant farm labor supply; and what economic development in relatively low-income countries portends for the future of agriculture in the United States and other high-income countries. The book concludes with a chapter called "Robots in the Fields," which extrapolates current trends to a perhaps not-so-distant future. The Farm Labor Problem serves as both a guide to policy makers, farmworker advocates and international development organizations and as a textbook for students of agricultural economics and economics. Describes the unique character of agricultural labor markets providing consequential insights Contextualizes the economics of agricultural labor with a global perspective Examines the history of farm labor, immigration, policy and collective bargaining with a view to the future


Lest We Forget

By Velma Maia Thomas
  • Full Title : Lest We Forget
  • Author : Velma Maia Thomas
  • Publisher : Quarto Publishing Group USA
  • ISBN Code : 0760363838
  • Pages : 351
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English

An intimate look at centuries of black history in America with exclusive accounts, photographs, newspaper reproductions, and other documents. One of The Root's Favorite Reads of 2019 Presented in three parts—Lest We Forget, Freedom's Children, and We Shall Not Be Moved—this volume brings African American history to vivid and illustrated life. It includes: Lest We Forget: Based on materials from the nationally acclaimed Black Holocaust Exhibit, Lest We Forget documents the plight of an estimated 100 million Africans, from their rich pre-slavery culture to their enslavement in a foreign land. This collection of stirring historic papers, memoirs, personal effects, and photographs presented alongside moving commentary chronicles the unyielding strength of a people who refused to be broken. Freedom's Children: Taste the sweetness of freedom and the bitter struggle for equality through the documents that impacted the lives of an entire race. Freedom's Children vividly presents the heart-wrenching and inspiring account of freedmen and freedwomen during Reconstruction and into the twentieth century. We Shall Not Be Moved: Throughout the twentieth century, African Americans would trouble the waters of America—agitating, challenging, and defying the status quo. We Shall Not Be Moved chronicles the struggles and triumphs of African Americans leading up to and during the Civil Rights Movement. Feel the strength of those entrenched in the fight for justice up through the twenty-first century in an afterword that includes the election of America's first African American president and the beginning of the #BlackLivesMatter movement. With this richly illustrated book, take an intimate and unforgettable journey through more than four centuries of black history.


Labor Movement

By Harald Bauder
  • Full Title : Labor Movement
  • Author : Harald Bauder
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 019534622X
  • Pages : 288
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English

Throughout the industrialized world, international migrants serve as nannies, construction workers, gardeners and small-business entrepreneurs. Labor Movement suggests that the international migration of workers is necessary for the survival of industrialized economies. The book thus turns the conventional view of international migration on its head: it investigates how migration regulates labor markets, rather than labor markets shaping migration flows. Assuming a critical view of orthodox economic theory, the book illustrates how different legal, social and cultural strategies towards international migrants are deployed and coordinated within the wider neo-liberal project to render migrants and immigrants vulnerable, pushing them into performing distinct economic roles and into subordinate labor market situations. Drawing on social theories associated with Pierre Bourdieu and other prominent thinkers, Labor Movement suggests that migration regulates labor markets through processes of social distinction, cultural judgement and the strategic deployment of citizenship. European and North American case studies illustrate how the labor of international migrants is systematically devalued and how popular discourse legitimates the demotion of migrants to subordinate labor. Engaging with various immigrant groups in different cities, including South Asian immigrants in Vancouver, foreigners and Sp?taussiedler in Berlin, and Mexican and Caribbean offshore workers in rural Ontario, the studies seek to unravel the complex web of regulatory labor market processes related to international migration. Recognizing and understanding these processes, Bauder argues, is an important step towards building effective activist strategies and for envisioning new roles for migrating workers and people. The book is a valuable resource to researchers and students in economics, ethnic and migration studies, geography, sociology, political science, and to frontline activists in Europe, North America and beyond.


Farm + Land's Back to the Land

By Freddie Pikovsky,Nicole Caldwell
  • Full Title : Farm + Land's Back to the Land
  • Author : Freddie Pikovsky,Nicole Caldwell
  • Publisher : Chronicle Books
  • ISBN Code : 1452173427
  • Pages : 272
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English

A spectacular treehouse suspended above a lush forest. A cozy cabin perched on a mountainside. A small farm growing heirloom vegetables in the high desert. These are the extraordinary stories of the modern-day back-to-the-land-movement, a movement that embraces slow living, sustainability, and the value of doing things with your own two hands. Here are remarkable narratives, essential how-tos, and hundreds of breathtaking photographs from people who have embraced lives of adventure in wild places. Delivered in a handsome volume that inspires feelings of wanderlust, this book is a must-have for outdoor enthusiasts and anyone who has ever dreamed of escaping to a simpler way of life.


Second Great Emancipation: Mech.cottonpicker, Black Migration & Modern South (c)

By Donald Holley
  • Full Title : Second Great Emancipation: Mech.cottonpicker, Black Migration & Modern South (c)
  • Author : Donald Holley
  • Publisher : University of Arkansas Press
  • ISBN Code : 9781610753678
  • Pages : 284
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English

"Development of the mechanical cotton picker not only made possible the continuation of cotton cultivation in the post-plantation era, it helped free the region of Jim Crow laws as political power was relocated from farms to cities and thereby opened the door for the civil rights movement of the 1950s. Just as President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation freed African Americans from chattel slavery, the mechanical cotton picker freed laborers from the drudgery of the cotton harvest and brought the agricultural South into a period of prosperity."--Jacket


Education and Society

By Dr. Thurston Domina,Dr. Benjamin G. Gibbs,Dr. Lisa Nunn,Dr. Andrew Penner
  • Full Title : Education and Society
  • Author : Dr. Thurston Domina,Dr. Benjamin G. Gibbs,Dr. Lisa Nunn,Dr. Andrew Penner
  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • ISBN Code : 0520968301
  • Pages : 328
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English

Drawing on current scholarship, Education and Society takes students on a journey through the many roles that education plays in contemporary societies. Addressing students’ own experience of education before expanding to larger sociological conversations, Education and Society helps readers understand and engage with such topics as peer groups, gender and identity, social class, the racialization of achievement, the treatment of immigrant children, special education, school choice, accountability, discipline, global perspectives, and schooling as a social institution. The book prompts students to evaluate how schools organize our society and how society organizes our schools. Moving from students to schooling to social forces, Education and Society provides a lively and engaging introduction to theory and research and will serve as a cornerstone for courses such as sociology of education, foundations of education, critical issues in education, and school and society.


Tax Evasion and Firm Survival in Competitive Markets

By K. Filip Palda
  • Full Title : Tax Evasion and Firm Survival in Competitive Markets
  • Author : K. Filip Palda
  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
  • ISBN Code : 9781843762980
  • Pages : 136
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English

"This highly innovative book will be of great interest to public finance economists and policymakers concerned with fiscal issues."--BOOK JACKET.


Women and Work

By Sonia Carreon,Amy Cassedy,Kathryn Borman,Paula J. Dubeck
  • Full Title : Women and Work
  • Author : Sonia Carreon,Amy Cassedy,Kathryn Borman,Paula J. Dubeck
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 1135818932
  • Pages : 592
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English

First Published in 1996. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.


Reconstructing Conflict

By Scott Kirsch,Colin Flint
  • Full Title : Reconstructing Conflict
  • Author : Scott Kirsch,Colin Flint
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 1317070321
  • Pages : 344
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English

Reconstruction - the rebuilding of state, economy, culture and society in the wake of war - is a powerful idea, and a profoundly transformative one. From the refashioning of new landscapes in bombed-out cities and towns to the reframing of national identities to accommodate changed historical narratives, the term has become synonymous with notions of "post-conflict" society; it draws much of its rhetorical power from the neat demarcation, both spatially and temporally, between war and peace. The reality is far more complex. In this volume, reconstruction is identified as a process of conflict and of militarized power, not something that clearly demarcates a post-war period of peace. Kirsch and Flint bring together an internationally diverse range of studies by leading scholars to examine how periods of war and other forms of political violence have been justified as processes of necessary and valid reconstruction as well as the role of war in catalyzing the construction of new political institutions and destroying old regimes. Challenging the false dichotomy between war and peace, this book explores instead the ways that war and peace are mutually constituted in the creation of historically specific geographies and geographical knowledges.


Migration of Farm Workers to Rural Scotland

By Dr. Iqbal Md Mostafa
  • Full Title : Migration of Farm Workers to Rural Scotland
  • Author : Dr. Iqbal Md Mostafa
  • Publisher : AuthorHouse
  • ISBN Code : 1546297308
  • Pages : 390
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English

The migration of farm workers to rural Scotland is an important issue that relates to the existing theories and research in contemporary equality and cultural capital studies, particularly in regard to the exploration of how and in what ways cultural capital theory can be addressed to study migrants equality claims, the examination of how complex equality models can be used for inquiry into the reinforcement of inequalities in cultural capital and the accumulative effects of such inequality. In particular, the experiences of East European migrant farm workers challenge theoretical perspectives that apply a) an approach of equality claim from cultural capital, which emphasize b) equal right to recognition, and therefore, c) focus on entitlement to equal protection against any discrimination. This book, therefore, offers us a way to explore these experiences with a call for attention to be paid to a large number of East European migrant farm workers who have migrated to rural Scotland to work in low paid jobs marked with low skills. Unlike majority members of a population, migrant farm workers often give up their cultural capital and take up low skilled jobs in order to gain opportunities for success in other spheres in their lives. Critiquing such a trade-off approach, if the sphere of migrants cultural capital is invaded and the cultural capital of local workers (native) is acknowledged, migrants are in a vulnerable position. I also argue although migrants achievements are devalued, and their substantive equality remains unprotected, their claim from cultural capital is relatively strong and valid to manage. The more vulnerable a migrants cultural capital is in terms of recognition and protection, the stronger his or her claim from cultural capital will be. Under the theoretical framework, I argue that if equal recognitions of cultural capital are not actively ensured, this is highly likely to produce increased claims to equality.


Transforming the Rural Nonfarm Economy

By Steven Haggblade,Peter B. R. Hazell,Thomas Reardon
  • Full Title : Transforming the Rural Nonfarm Economy
  • Author : Steven Haggblade,Peter B. R. Hazell,Thomas Reardon
  • Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
  • ISBN Code : 0801886643
  • Pages : 514
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English

Contrary to conventional wisdom that equates rural economies with agriculture, rural residents in developing countries often rely heavily on activities other than farming for their income. Indeed, nonfarm work accounts for between one-third and one-half of rural incomes in the developing world. In recent years, accelerating globalization, increasing competition from large businesses, expanding urban markets for rural goods and services, and greater availability of information and communication technology have combined to expose rural nonfarm businesses to new opportunities as well as new risks. By examining these rapid changes in the rural nonfarm economy, international experts explore how the rural nonfarm economy can contribute to overall economic growth in developing countries and how the poor can participate in this rapidly evolving segment of the economy. The authors review an array of recent studies of the rural nonfarm economy in order to summarize existing empirical evidence, explore policy implications, and identify future research priorities. They examine the varied scale, structure, and composition of the rural nonfarm economy, as well as its relationship with agricultural and urban enterprises. And they address key questions about the role of public intervention in the rural nonfarm economy and how the rural poor can participate in and navigate the rapid transition underway in rural areas. The contributors offer new insights to specialists in rural development and to others interested in overall economic development.


Hired Hands

By Cecilia Danysk
  • Full Title : Hired Hands
  • Author : Cecilia Danysk
  • Publisher : University of Toronto Press
  • ISBN Code : 1442655313
  • Pages : 231
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English

Farm workers were central to the development of Canada's prairie West. From 1878, when the first shipment of prairie grain went to international markets, to 1929, when the Great Depression signalled the end of the wheat boom, the role of hired hands changed dramatically. Prior to World War One, hired hands viewed themselves and were treated in the rural community as equals to their farmer employers. Many were farmers in training, informal apprentices who worked for wages so they could accumulate the capital and experience needed to secure their own free 160-acre parcels of land. In later years, as free lands were taken, hired hands increasingly faced the hkehhood of remaining waged labourers on the farms of others. They became agricultural proletarians. In this first full-length study of labour in Canadian prairie agriculture during the period of settlement and expansion, Cecilia Danysk examines the changing work and the growing rural community of the West through the eyes of the workers themselves. World War One was a catalyst in bringing into focus the conflicting nature of labour-capital relations and the divergent aims of workers and their employers. Yet, attempts at union organization were unsuccessful because most hired hands worked alone and because governments assisted farmers by stifling such attempts. The workers' greatest form of workplace control was to walk off one job and find another. Previously published by McClelland & Stewart


Drug Effects

By Lisa Gezon
  • Full Title : Drug Effects
  • Author : Lisa Gezon
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 131543007X
  • Pages : 263
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English

Khat, marijuana, peyote—are these dangerous drugs or vilified plants with rich cultural and medical values? In this book, Lisa Gezon brings the drug debate into the 21st century, proposing criteria for evaluating psychotropic substances. Focusing on khat, whose bushy leaves are an increasingly popular stimulant and the target of vehement anti-drug campaigns, she explores biocultural and socioeconomic contexts on local, national, and global levels. Gezon provides a multidisciplinary examination of the plant’s direct physical and psychological effects, as well as indirect social and structural effects on income and labor productivity, identity, gendered relationships, global drug discourses, and food security. This sophisticated, multi-leveled analysis cuts through the traditional battle lines of the drug debate and is a model for understanding and evaluating psychotropic substances around the world.


Historys Most Dang Jobs Navvies

By Anthony Burton
  • Full Title : Historys Most Dang Jobs Navvies
  • Author : Anthony Burton
  • Publisher : The History Press
  • ISBN Code : 0752481266
  • Pages : 192
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English

This is the story of the men who built Britain’s canals and railways – not the engineers and the administrators but the ones who provided the brawn and muscle. There had never been a workforce like the navvies, a great army of men, moving about the country following the work as it became available. This book will tell of their extraordinary feats of strength and their often colourful lives. They lived rough, usually having to make do with huts and shelters cobbled together from whatever materials were available. They worked hard and drank hard. Often exploited by their employers, they were always liable to erupt into riots that could have fatal results. The book will look at who these men were, where they came from – and destroy the myth that they were all Irish. It is a story full of drama, but above all one of great achievements.


How To Restore Your Farm Tractor

By Tharran E Gaines
  • Full Title : How To Restore Your Farm Tractor
  • Author : Tharran E Gaines
  • Publisher : Voyageur Press
  • ISBN Code : 1610588150
  • Pages : 256
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English

Finally! A restoration guide with the kind of detail needed for a first-class job. How to Restore Your Farm Tractor is packed with hundreds of helpful full-color photographs, proven tips and techniques, and money-saving advice from restorers who know what works . . . and what doesn’t. Tharran Gaines’ expert DIY guide will walk you step-by-step through the complete restoration of your tractor, from disassembly to engine rebuild, electrics, painting, and final detailing. There’s even a handy section on parts sources. So, no matter if you favor John Deeres, Fords, Farmalls, A-Cs, or Minnie-Mos, with Gaines’ guidance, you’re well on your way to showing off your shiny “new� classic tractor!


Memoirs of a Lechuguero

By Lucio Padilla
  • Full Title : Memoirs of a Lechuguero
  • Author : Lucio Padilla
  • Publisher : AuthorHouse
  • ISBN Code : 9781463463724
  • Pages : 224
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English

The autobiography depicts the life of a Mexican migrant farm worker who overcomes his disadvantages to be the first college graduate in his family. The veteran lettuce harvester suffers a crippling, job related injury that leaves him unable to work. During the painful recovery, he goes through a series of flashbacks of key events leading to the injury. Inspired by a blind man and a former teacher, he finds the turning point of his life. Lucio Padilla came to the United States at age nine with his family to work the fields of central and southern California. As a teenager he endured the hardships and abuses that farm workers experience. He dropped out of school at age fifteen to become a lechuguero (lettuce harvester). He married at age sixteen with his sweetheart Mara Elena. Together they faced their disadvantages to raise a family and give them better opportunities. The story portrays the farm workers way of life; it illustrates the harsh living conditions and the enslaving routines. Particular phrases in Spanish are used to illustrate the language, culture, and values of the farm workers families.


Daughters and Granddaughters of Farmworkers

By Barbara Wells
  • Full Title : Daughters and Granddaughters of Farmworkers
  • Author : Barbara Wells
  • Publisher : Rutgers University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0813562864
  • Pages : 220
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English

In Daughters and Granddaughters of Farmworkers, Barbara Wells examines the work and family lives of Mexican American women in a community near the U.S.-Mexican border in California’s Imperial County. Decades earlier, their Mexican parents and grandparents had made the momentous decision to migrate to the United States as farmworkers. This book explores how that decision has worked out for these second- and third-generation Mexican Americans. Wells provides stories of the struggles, triumphs, and everyday experiences of these women. She analyzes their narratives on a broad canvas that includes the social structures that create the barriers, constraints, and opportunities that have shaped their lives. The women have constructed far more settled lives than the immigrant generation that followed the crops, but many struggle to provide adequately for their families. These women aspire to achieve the middle-class lives of the American Dream. But upward mobility is an elusive goal. The realities of life in a rural, agricultural border community strictly limit social mobility for these descendants of immigrant farm laborers. Reliance on family networks is a vital strategy for meeting the economic challenges they encounter. Wells illustrates clearly the ways in which the “long shadow” of farm work continues to permeate the lives and prospects of these women and their families.


When Good Jobs Go Bad

By Jeffrey S. Rothstein
  • Full Title : When Good Jobs Go Bad
  • Author : Jeffrey S. Rothstein
  • Publisher : Rutgers University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0813576075
  • Pages : 200
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English

From Chinese factories making cheap toys for export, to sweatshops in Bangladesh where name-brand garments are sewn—studies on the impact of globalization on workers have tended to focus on the worst jobs and the worst conditions. But in When Good Jobs Go Bad, Jeffrey Rothstein looks at the impact of globalization on a major industry—the North American auto industry—to reveal that globalization has had a deleterious effect on even the most valued of blue-collar jobs. Rothstein argues that the consolidation of the Mexican and U.S.-Canadian auto industries, the expanding number of foreign automakers in North America, and the spread of lean production have all undermined organized labor and harmed workers. Focusing on three General Motors plants assembling SUVs—an older plant in Janesville, Wisconsin; a newer and more viable plant in Arlington, Texas; and a “greenfield site” (a brand-new, state-of-the-art facility) in Silao, Mexico—When Good Jobs Go Bad shows how global competition has made nonstop, monotonous, standardized routines crucial for the survival of a plant, and it explains why workers and their local unions struggle to resist. For instance, in the United States, General Motors forced workers to accept intensified labor by threatening to close plants, which led local unions to adopt “keep the plant open” as their main goal. At its new factory in Silao, GM had hand-picked the union—one opposed to strikes and committed to labor-management cooperation—before it hired the first worker. Rothstein’s engaging comparative analysis, which incorporates the viewpoints of workers, union officials, and management, sheds new light on labor’s loss of bargaining power in recent decades, and highlights the negative impact of globalization on all jobs, both good and bad, from the sweatshop to the assembly line.


Food Fears

By Alison Blay-Palmer
  • Full Title : Food Fears
  • Author : Alison Blay-Palmer
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 1317134370
  • Pages : 196
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English

The industrial food system of the West is increasingly perceived as problematic. The physical, social and intellectual distance between consumers and their food stems from a food system that privileges quantity and efficiency over quality, with an underlying assumption that food is a commodity, rather than a source of nourishment and pleasure. In the wake of various food and health scares, there is a growing demand from consumers to change the food they eat, which in turn acts as a catalyst for the industry to adapt and for alternative systems to evolve. Drawing on a wealth of empirical research into mainstream and alternative North American food systems, this book discusses how sustainable, grass roots, local food systems offer a template for meaningful individual activism as a way to bring about change from the bottom up, while at the same time creating pressure for policy changes at all levels of government. This movement signals a shift away from market economy principles and reflects a desire to embody social and ecological values as the foundation for future growth.


Them and Us

By Philippe Legrain
  • Full Title : Them and Us
  • Author : Philippe Legrain
  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • ISBN Code : 1786077914
  • Pages : 288
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English

What do we really know about immigration? Immigration is one of the most controversial issues these days. Keeping them out. Taking back control. Building that wall. Whether the debate centres on economics or identity, it is often framed as ‘Them’ (bad immigrants) against ‘Us’ (good locals). But immigrants aren’t a burden or a threat – and if we make the right choices we all can thrive together. Drawing on first-hand reporting, compelling stories and the latest research and evidence from around the world, Philippe Legrain explains how immigration benefits us all in many ways. Immigrants start new businesses, bring different skills and help spark valuable new ideas. They help save lives – including Boris Johnson’s. As key workers, they keep coronavirus-stricken societies going, while young newcomers care – and help pay – for our ageing population. For sure, learning to live together can be tough. The book also addresses tricky issues such as ‘illegal’ immigration, what immigration entails for national identity, what newcomers need to do to fit in, and how societies ought to adapt. And it suggests new ideas for how to persuade moderate sceptics about the merits of immigration. If patriotism means wanting the best for your country, we should be welcoming immigrants with open arms. It is time to close the gap between myth and reality – and, in the process, close the gap between ‘Them’ and ‘Us’.