2016-05-02

God, Belief, and Perplexity

By ,
  • Full Title : God, Belief, and Perplexity
  • Author : ,
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • ISBN Code : 0190612665
  • Pages : 264
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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This volume presents fourteen of William E. Mann's essays on three prominent figures in late Patristic and early medieval philosophy: Augustine, Anselm, and Peter Abelard. The essays explore some of the quandaries, arguments, and theories presented in their writings. The essays in this volume complement those to be found in Mann's God, Modality, and Morality (OUP, 2015). While the essays in God, Modality, and Morality are primarily essays in philosophical theology, those found in the present volume are more varied. Some still deal with issues in philosophical theology. Other essays are aporetic in nature, discussing cases of philosophical perplexity, sometimes but not always leaving the cases unresolved. All the essays display, directly or indirectly, the philosophical influence that Augustine has had. His Confessions is a rich source for philosophical puzzlement. Individual essays examine his reflections on the alleged innocence of infants, which raises questions about cognitive, emotional, and linguistic development; his juvenile theft of pears and its relation to moral motivation; and his struggle with and resolution of the problem of evil. One essay presents the rudiments of an Augustinian moral theory, rooted in his understanding of the Sermon on the Mount. Another essay illustrates the theory by discussing his writings on lying. Mann argues that Abelard amplified Augustine's moral theory by emphasizing the crucial role that intention plays in wrongdoing. Augustine bequeathed to Anselm the notion of "faith seeking understanding." Mann argues that this methodological slogan shapes Anselm's "ontological argument" for God's existence and his efforts to explicate the doctrine of the Trinity.


2001

Towards Religious Competence

By Hans-Günter Heimbrock,Christoph Th Scheilke,Peter Schreiner (religie)
  • Full Title : Towards Religious Competence
  • Author : Hans-Günter Heimbrock,Christoph Th Scheilke,Peter Schreiner (religie)
  • Publisher : LIT Verlag Münster
  • ISBN Code : 9783825850159
  • Pages : 291
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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In this book, scholars around Europe reflect on the changing role of religious education in a time of growing pluralism in Europe and across the world. The various contributions from different European countries (England and Wales, Germany, Netherlands, and Norway) focus on the debate about the existing multicultural and multireligious situation in European societies. Difference and diversity, especially of religion, is seen as a challenge for education in Europe. The chapters mention trends and common challenges for religious education. As a key term of religious education "religious competence" is introduced. It includes the ability to deal with religious pluralism and differences in a constructive way. It is argued that contextual religious education facilitates a new religious competence. The book also contains detailed information about current developments in the field of religious education in some European countries.


2019-07-30

Self and City in the Thought of Saint Augustine

By Ben Holland
  • Full Title : Self and City in the Thought of Saint Augustine
  • Author : Ben Holland
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 3030193330
  • Pages : 162
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Self and City in the Thought of Saint Augustine explores the analogy between the self and political society in the thought of St. Augustine of Hippo. This analogy is an important theme in the history of political thought. Attempts have been made to understand the state by examining the soul (since Plato), the body (as in medieval theories of the body politic) and the person (surviving to this day in such concepts as international legal personality). This book aims to reinstate the Augustinian part of the story. It argues that Augustine develops three analogies between self and city, as a society ordered by love: self-love in the case of the Earthly City; divided but improving love in the Pilgrim City; and love of others and of God in the City of God. It supplies thereby an overview of Augustine’s intellectual ‘system’ as it touches upon theology, psychology and anthropology, as well as politics, and also provides a new interpretation of Augustine’s important definition of the republic.


2019-11-14

On Self-Harm, Narcissism, Atonement, and the Vulnerable Christ

By David Vincent Meconi
  • Full Title : On Self-Harm, Narcissism, Atonement, and the Vulnerable Christ
  • Author : David Vincent Meconi
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing USA
  • ISBN Code : 1501326228
  • Pages : 184
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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On Self-Harm, Narcissism, Atonement and the Vulnerable Christ explores St. Augustine of Hippo's theology of sin, described as various forms of self-loathing and self-destruction, in addition to sin's antidote, a vulnerable relationship with the crucified Christ. Incorporating recent thinking on self-destruction and self-loathing into his reading of Augustine, David Vincent Meconi explores why we are not only allured by sin, but will actually destroy ourselves to attain it, even when we are all too well aware that this sin will bring us no true, lasting pleasure. Meconi traces the phenomena of self-destruction and self-loathing from Augustine to today. In particular, he focuses in on how self-love can turn to self-harm, and the need to provide salvage for such woundedness by surrendering to Christ, showing how Augustine's theology of sin and salvation is still crucially applicable in contemporary life and societies.


2013-01-17

Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Religion

By Chad Meister,Paul Copan
  • Full Title : Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Religion
  • Author : Chad Meister,Paul Copan
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 1136696857
  • Pages : 848
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Religion, Second edition is an indispensable guide and reference source to the major themes, movements, debates and topics in philosophy of religion. Considerably expanded for the second edition, over seventy entries from a team of renowned international contributors are organized into nine clear parts: philosophical issues in world religions key figures in philosophy of religion religious diversity the theistic conception of God arguments for the existence of God arguments against the existence of God philosophical theology Christian theism recent topics in philosophy of religion. Covering key world religions including Hinduism, Buddhism and Islam, and key figures such as Augustine, Aquinas and Kierkegaard, the Companion explores the central topics in theism such as the ontological, cosmological and teleological arguments for God’s existence. Three final parts consider Catholicism, Protestantism, Eastern orthodoxy and current debates including phenomenology, reformed epistemology, religious experience, and religion and science, making the Companion as a whole essential reading for students of philosophy or religion, and suitable for anyone coming to the subject for the first time. This second edition includes new chapters on Blaise Pascal, Baruch Spinoza, Interreligious Dialogue, Death and the Afterlife, Incorporeality, Religion and Global Ethics, New Religious Movements, Religion and the Environment, and Religion and Film.


2020-05-01

Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry, Volume 2, Issue 1

By Darren M. Slade
  • Full Title : Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry, Volume 2, Issue 1
  • Author : Darren M. Slade
  • Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers
  • ISBN Code : 1725262886
  • Pages : 242
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry (SHERM journal) is a biannual, not-for-profit, free peer-reviewed academic journal that publishes the latest social-scientific, historiographic, and ecclesiastic research on religious institutions and their ministerial practices. SHERM is dedicated to the critical and scholarly inquiry of historical and contemporary religious phenomena, both from within particular religious traditions and across cultural boundaries, so as to inform the broader socio-historical analysis of religion and its related fields of study. The purpose of SHERM is to provide a scholarly medium for the social-scientific study of religion where specialists can publish advanced studies on religious trends, theologies, rituals, philosophies, socio-political influences, or experimental and applied ministry research in the hopes of generating enthusiasm for the vocational and academic study of religion while fostering collegiality among religious specialists. Its mission is to provide academics, professionals, and nonspecialists with critical reflections and evidence-based insights into the socio-historical study of religion and, where appropriate, its implications for ministry and expressions of religiosity.


1999

Walking the Tightrope of Faith

By Hendrik Hart,Ronald A. Kuipers,Kai Nielsen
  • Full Title : Walking the Tightrope of Faith
  • Author : Hendrik Hart,Ronald A. Kuipers,Kai Nielsen
  • Publisher : Rodopi
  • ISBN Code : 9789042007062
  • Pages : 235
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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This book expands upon the dialogue between the atheist philosopher Kai Nielsen and the Christian philosopher Hendrik Hart in the book Search for Community in A Withering Tradition. Collected here for the first time are the responses of several prominent Canadian philosophers to Nielsen's outspoken work in the philosophy of religion, including their responses to Hart's criticisms of Nielsen. New replies by Hart and Nielsen to these added voices are also included. This volume is of interest for students in the philosophy of religion who wish to examine the encounter between religious faith and secular humanism at the close of the twentieth century, an increasingly postmodern time in which the appeal to an a historical standard of rationality is no longer sought or even thought possible. This book tackles tough topics like the appropriate role of reason in the intellectual criticism and defense of faith, the limits of the rational justification of human knowledge, the role of pre-reflective commitments in human intellectual life, the nature of truth, and the possibility for peace in a world consisting of a plural and often violent collection of cultural and religious groups.


2013-11-06

Skepticism, Relativism, and Religious Knowledge

By Michael G. Harvey
  • Full Title : Skepticism, Relativism, and Religious Knowledge
  • Author : Michael G. Harvey
  • Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers
  • ISBN Code : 1620322374
  • Pages : 216
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Skepticism, Relativism, and Religious Knowledge shows where responses to skepticism and relativism by Karl Barth and Reformed epistemology have led to impasses, and reconstructs their insights in a more robust response that does not depend on making excessive claims about our epistemic capacities. This response is based on a more nuanced conception of the relationship between trust, doubt, faith, and reason, and a Kierkegaardian perspective on religious knowledge that stresses the role of the will and the intellectual and theological virtues.


2004

Ethics and Perplexity

By Javier Muguerza
  • Full Title : Ethics and Perplexity
  • Author : Javier Muguerza
  • Publisher : Rodopi
  • ISBN Code : 9789042018815
  • Pages : 208
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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This book opens with a letter linking Ethics and Perplexity and Maimonides's Guide of the Perplexed. It concludes with an interview that strikes sparks on Spanish philosophy's recent emergence from quarantine. These informal pieces orbit the nucleus of the work: a formidable critique of dialogical reason.


2012-12-06

Perplexity and Knowledge

By M. Clark
  • Full Title : Perplexity and Knowledge
  • Author : M. Clark
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN Code : 9401027897
  • Pages : 246
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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In making his distinction between revisionary and descriptive metaphysics, P.F. Strawson wrote that the former has some value provided that its "partial vision" is at the service of the latter, "which needs no justification at all beyond that of inquiry in general." (Individuals, p. 9) Perhaps we feel no need to ask what justification there is for inquiry in general. But if we do recognize any such need, then we discover that inquiry is self-justifying. The more I put it into question, the more I bring the theme of my inquiry to light in my performance of inquiring. Questioning is the business of philosophers. They are now content to leave the search for detailed information to experts in the various disciplines that have won their independence from philosophy. The questioning a philosopher conducts is of the 'second-order'. He asks about the status of various sorts of questions, the types of knowledge they yield and of con fusion into which they lead.


2015-03-05

God, Freud and Religion

By Dianna T. Kenny
  • Full Title : God, Freud and Religion
  • Author : Dianna T. Kenny
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • ISBN Code : 1317649664
  • Pages : 224
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Choice Essential Read Did God create man or did man create God? In this book, Dianna Kenny examines religious belief through a variety of perspectives – psychoanalytic, cognitive, neuropsychological, sociological, historical and psychiatric – to provide a coherent account of why people might believe in God. She argues that psychoanalytic theory provides a fertile and creative approach to the study of religion that attempts to integrate religious belief with our innate human nature and developmental histories that have unfolded in the context of our socialization and cultural experiences. Freud argued that religion is so compelling because it solves the problems of our existence. It explains the origin of the universe, offers solace and protection from evil, and provides a blueprint about how we should live our lives, with just rewards for the righteous and due punishments for sinners and transgressors. Science, on the other hand, offers no such explanations about the universe or the meaning of our lives and no comfort for the unanswered longings of the human race. Is religion a form of wish-fulfilment, a collective delusion to which we cling as we try to fathom our place and purpose in the drama of cosmology? Can there be morality without faith? Are science and religion radically incompatible? What are the roots of fundamentalism and terror theology? These are some of the questions addressed in God, Freud and Religion, a book that will be of interest to psychoanalysts, psychologists and psychotherapists, students of psychology, psychoanalysis, philosophy and theology and all those with an interest in religion and human behaviour. Dianna Kenny is Professor of Psychology at the University of Sydney, Australia. She is the author of over 200 publications, including six books.


2016-07-27

Philosophy and the Grammar of Religious Belief

By Mario von der Ruhr,Timothy Tessin
  • Full Title : Philosophy and the Grammar of Religious Belief
  • Author : Mario von der Ruhr,Timothy Tessin
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 1349238678
  • Pages : 397
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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The papers in this collection are concerned with the epistemology of religious belief. The contributors disagree on such issues as whether philosophers have a role to play in determining the reasonableness or intelligibility of religious beliefs, or whether philosophy properly understood is a descriptive task. But all the papers are informed by the belief that philosophical discussion should proceed by giving attention to the character of the religious beliefs and practices under consideration.


2014-05-02

Religion and Belief

By Malcolm Heath,Christopher T Green,Fabio Serranito
  • Full Title : Religion and Belief
  • Author : Malcolm Heath,Christopher T Green,Fabio Serranito
  • Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • ISBN Code : 1443860069
  • Pages : 196
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Religion and Belief: A Moral Landscape is a collection of essays from the 4th Annual Postgraduate Interdisciplinary Conference at the Department of Classics, University of Leeds. The book collates a wide range of issues and initiates a discussion on the nuances and multifaceted concepts of religion and belief. The topics range from ancient Greek religion and philosophy, through the Roman world and early Judeo-Christian beliefs, to modern burial practices and 21st century ‘New-Atheism’. By presenting religion and belief in this macrocosmic landscape, simple conceptions and caricatures of religion and belief are shown to be mis-leading and ultimately redundant. This book engages with the complex and multi-faceted nature of religion and belief across time.


Life of Irony and the Ethics of Belief, The

By David Wisdo
  • Full Title : Life of Irony and the Ethics of Belief, The
  • Author : David Wisdo
  • Publisher : SUNY Press
  • ISBN Code : 1438424272
  • Pages : 153
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Wisdo concludes that the fragility of religious belief is due to the unavoidable irony intrinsic to the religious life.


2014-10-01

Faith and Reason in Islam

By Averroes
  • Full Title : Faith and Reason in Islam
  • Author : Averroes
  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • ISBN Code : 1780746776
  • Pages : 288
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Available for the first time in the English language, this is a complete and annotated translation of a key work by the twelfth-century Muslim philosopher, Averroes (Ibn Rushd). Acknowledged as the leading transmitter of Aristotelian th ought, Averroes also held controversial views about the re lationship between faith and reason, arguing that religion should not be allowed to impose limits on the exercise of rational thought. His theory of rationality, along with others on language, justice and the interpretation of religious texts, is clearly presented here, in a work that provides the most comprehensive picture available of Averroes's great intellectual achievements.


1996-10-04

Religion and Social Justice

By S. Thakur
  • Full Title : Religion and Social Justice
  • Author : S. Thakur
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 0230374441
  • Pages : 145
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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This book is a philosophical examination of the relationship between religion and social justice. Its main thesis is that, since the primary purpose of religion is the moral and spiritual transformation of human nature, it ought not to be construed as a direct instrument of social justice on earth - as it is by Liberation theologians, for example, as well as by many liberal Christians and Jews. Indirectly, however, religion may well be a pre-condition of social justice. For it can be argued that, without the counteracting effects of the moral and spiritual values prescribed by religion, the liberal vision of individual rights and social justice may be self-defeating. Humanity is best served if this liberal vision is counterbalanced by the completely contrary utopia enshrined in the biblical idea of the kingdom of God, and its equivalents in the other great religions of the world.


1975-06-18

Wittgenstein and Religious Belief

By W.Donald Hudson
  • Full Title : Wittgenstein and Religious Belief
  • Author : W.Donald Hudson
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 1349007285
  • Pages : 206
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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2014-05-22

Challenges to Moral and Religious Belief

By Michael Bergmann,Patrick Kain
  • Full Title : Challenges to Moral and Religious Belief
  • Author : Michael Bergmann,Patrick Kain
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • ISBN Code : 019164854X
  • Pages : 288
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Challenges to Moral and Religious Belief contains fourteen original essays by philosophers, theologians, and social scientists on challenges to moral and religious belief from disagreement and evolution. Three main questions are addressed: Can one reasonably maintain one's moral and religious beliefs in the face of interpersonal disagreement with intellectual peers? Does disagreement about morality between a religious belief source, such as a sacred text, and a non-religious belief source, such as a society's moral intuitions, make it irrational to continue trusting one or both of those belief sources? Should evolutionary accounts of the origins of our moral beliefs and our religious beliefs undermine our confidence in their veracity? This volume places challenges to moral belief side-by-side with challenges to religious belief, sets evolution-based challenges alongside disagreement-based challenges, and includes philosophical perspectives together with theological and social science perspectives, with the aim of cultivating insights and lines of inquiry that are easily missed within a single discipline or when these topics are treated in isolation. The result is a collection of essays—representing both skeptical and non-skeptical positions about morality and religion—that move these discussions forward in new and illuminating directions.


1973-06-18

Scepticism

By Kai Nielsen
  • Full Title : Scepticism
  • Author : Kai Nielsen
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 1349007331
  • Pages : 118
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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2009-02-17

Knowledge of God

By Alvin Plantinga,Michael Tooley
  • Full Title : Knowledge of God
  • Author : Alvin Plantinga,Michael Tooley
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN Code : 1444301314
  • Pages : 280
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Is belief in God epistemically justified? That's the question at the heart of this volume in the Great Debates in Philosophy series, with Alvin Plantinga and Michael Tooley each addressing this fundamental question with distinctive arguments from opposing perspectives. The first half of the book contains each philosopher's explanation of his particular view; the second half allows them to directly respond to each other's arguments, in a lively and engaging conversation Offers the reader a one of a kind, interactive discussion Forms part of the acclaimed Great Debates in Philosophy series