2010-03-14

Introduction to Physics and Chemistry of Combustion

By
  • Full Title : Introduction to Physics and Chemistry of Combustion
  • Author :
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN Code : 9783540787594
  • Pages : 349
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Most of the material covered in this book deals with the fundamentals of chemistry and physics of key processes and fundamental mechanisms for various combustion and combustion related phenomena in gaseous combustible mixture. It provides the reader with basic knowledge of burning processes and mechanisms of reaction wave propagation. The combustion of a gas mixture (flame, explosion, detonation) is necessarily accompanied by motion of the gas. The process of combustion is therefore not only a chemical phenomenon but also one of gas dynamics. The material selection focuses on the gas phase and with premixed gas combustion. Premixed gas combustion is of practical importance in engines, modern gas turbine and explosions, where the fuel and air are essentially premixed, and combustion occurs by the propagation of a front separating unburned mixture from fully burned mixture. Since premixed combustion is the most fundamental and potential for practical applications, the emphasis in the present work is be placed on regimes of premixed combustion. This text is intended for graduate students of different specialties, including physics, chemistry, mechanical engineering, computer science, mathematics and astrophysics.


2009-02-12

Combustion Phenomena

By Jozef Jarosinski,Bernard Veyssiere
  • Full Title : Combustion Phenomena
  • Author : Jozef Jarosinski,Bernard Veyssiere
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780849384097
  • Pages : 234
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Extensively using experimental and numerical illustrations, Combustion Phenomena: Selected Mechanisms of Flame Formation, Propagation, and Extinction provides a comprehensive survey of the fundamental processes of flame formation, propagation, and extinction. Taking you through the stages of combustion, leading experts visually display, mathematically explain, and clearly theorize on important physical topics of combustion. After a historical introduction to the field, they discuss combustion chemistry, flammability limits, and spark ignition. They also study counterflow twin-flame configuration, flame in a vortex core, the propagation characteristics of edge flames, instabilities, and tulip flames. In addition, the book describes flame extinction in narrow channels, global quenching of premixed flames by turbulence, counterflow premixed flame extinction limits, the interaction of flames with fluids in rotating vessels, and turbulent flames. The final chapter explores diffusion flames as well as combustion in spark- and compression-ignition engines. It also examines the transition from deflagration to detonation, along with the detonation wave structure. With a CD-ROM of images that beautifully illustrate a range of combustion phenomena, this book facilitates a practical understanding of the processes occurring in the conception, spread, and extinguishment of a flame. It will help you on your way to finding solutions to real issues encountered in transportation, power generation, industrial processes, chemical engineering, and fire and explosion hazards.


2009-09-16

Synthesis Gas Combustion

By Tim Lieuwen,Vigor Yang,Richard Yetter
  • Full Title : Synthesis Gas Combustion
  • Author : Tim Lieuwen,Vigor Yang,Richard Yetter
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • ISBN Code : 9781420085358
  • Pages : 400
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Coal, still used to generate more than half of the electric power in the U.S., will likely be part of any future global energy plan. But this finite resource is also responsible for 80 percent of the CO2 emissions from power production, and its continued use will require improved processing techniques that are less damaging to the environment and less costly. One viable option is the use of "clean coal" energy conversion devices that rely on the combustion of gasified coal, referred to as synthesis gas, or syngas. Synthesis Gas Combustion: Fundamentals and Applications presents work from leading combustion authorities who offer their perspectives on various energy and environmental issues linked to the development of syngas and hydrogen combustion. This volume summarizes the current understanding of syngas, focusing first on combustion fundamentals and then on issues specific to application and utilization in fuel cells, internal combustion engines, and steady-flowing combustion devices such as gas turbines or boilers. In discussing syngas production, this book details the technical issues and trade-offs that influence fuel composition. It also explores combustion fundamentals of "clean coal" technologies, including chemical kinetics, flame properties, and emissions. Governments and companies around the world are devoting significant resources to improve understanding of the combustion of coal and bio-derived synthesis gases, to maximize the benefits of gasification technology and limit CO2 emissions. This valuable reference provides state-of-the-art context and technical information needed to develop clean energy systems. These include clean coal technologies, hydrogen and liquid fuel production, use of biomass feedstocks, and usage in fuel cells and other advanced power generation technologies.


2014-12-02

Combustion

By Irvin Glassman,Richard A. Yetter,Nick G. Glumac
  • Full Title : Combustion
  • Author : Irvin Glassman,Richard A. Yetter,Nick G. Glumac
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • ISBN Code : 0124115551
  • Pages : 774
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Throughout its previous four editions, Combustion has made a very complex subject both enjoyable and understandable to its student readers and a pleasure for instructors to teach. With its clearly articulated physical and chemical processes of flame combustion and smooth, logical transitions to engineering applications, this new edition continues that tradition. Greatly expanded end-of-chapter problem sets and new areas of combustion engineering applications make it even easier for students to grasp the significance of combustion to a wide range of engineering practice, from transportation to energy generation to environmental impacts. Combustion engineering is the study of rapid energy and mass transfer usually through the common physical phenomena of flame oxidation. It covers the physics and chemistry of this process and the engineering applications—including power generation in internal combustion automobile engines and gas turbine engines. Renewed concerns about energy efficiency and fuel costs, along with continued concerns over toxic and particulate emissions, make this a crucial area of engineering. New chapter on new combustion concepts and technologies, including discussion on nanotechnology as related to combustion, as well as microgravity combustion, microcombustion, and catalytic combustion—all interrelated and discussed by considering scaling issues (e.g., length and time scales) New information on sensitivity analysis of reaction mechanisms and generation and application of reduced mechanisms Expanded coverage of turbulent reactive flows to better illustrate real-world applications Important new sections on stabilization of diffusion flames—for the first time, the concept of triple flames will be introduced and discussed in the context of diffusion flame stabilization


2018-05-03

Physics of Turbulent Jet Ignition

By Sayan Biswas
  • Full Title : Physics of Turbulent Jet Ignition
  • Author : Sayan Biswas
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 3319762435
  • Pages : 216
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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This book focuses on developing strategies for ultra-lean combustion of natural gas and hydrogen, and contributes to the research on extending the lean flammability limit of hydrogen and air using a hot supersonic jet. The author addresses experimental methods, data analysis techniques, and results throughout each chapter and: Explains the fundamental mechanisms behind turbulent hot jet ignition using non-dimensional analysis Explores ignition characteristics by impinging hot jet and multiple jets in relation to better controllability and lean combustion Explores how different instability modes interact with the acoustic modes of the combustion chamber. This book provides a potential answer to some of the issues that arise from lean engine operation, such as poor ignition, engine misfire, cycle-to-cycle variability, combustion instability, reduction in efficiency, and an increase in unburned hydrocarbon emissions. This thesis was submitted to and approved by Purdue University.


2015-11-04

SpaceX's Dragon: America's Next Generation Spacecraft

By Erik Seedhouse
  • Full Title : SpaceX's Dragon: America's Next Generation Spacecraft
  • Author : Erik Seedhouse
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 3319215159
  • Pages : 188
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Dragon V2 is a futuristic vehicle that not only provides a means for NASA to transport its astronauts to the orbiting outpost but also advances SpaceX’s core objective of reusability. A direct descendant of Dragon, Dragon V2 can be retrieved, refurbished and re-launched. It is a spacecraft with the potential to completely revolutionize the economics of an industry where equipment costing hundreds of millions of dollars is routinely discarded after a single use. It was presented by SpaceX CEO Elon Musk in May 2014 as the spaceship that will carry NASA astronauts to the International Space Station as soon as 2016. SpaceX’s Dragon – America’s Next Generation Spacecraft describes the extraordinary feats of engineering and human achievement that have placed this revolutionary spacecraft at the forefront of the launch industry and positioned it as the precursor for ultimately transporting humans to Mars. It describes the design and development of Dragon, provides mission highlights of the first six Commercial Resupply Missions, and explains how Musk hopes to eventually colonize Mars.


2018-01-12

Thermal Energy

By Yatish T. Shah
  • Full Title : Thermal Energy
  • Author : Yatish T. Shah
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • ISBN Code : 1315305941
  • Pages : 854
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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The book details sources of thermal energy, methods of capture, and applications. It describes the basics of thermal energy, including measuring thermal energy, laws of thermodynamics that govern its use and transformation, modes of thermal energy, conventional processes, devices and materials, and the methods by which it is transferred. It covers 8 sources of thermal energy: combustion, fusion (solar) fission (nuclear), geothermal, microwave, plasma, waste heat, and thermal energy storage. In each case, the methods of production and capture and its uses are described in detail. It also discusses novel processes and devices used to improve transfer and transformation processes.


2012-10-24

Fundamentals of Premixed Turbulent Combustion

By Andrei Lipatnikov
  • Full Title : Fundamentals of Premixed Turbulent Combustion
  • Author : Andrei Lipatnikov
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • ISBN Code : 1466510250
  • Pages : 548
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Lean burning of premixed gases is considered to be a promising combustion technology for future clean and highly efficient gas turbine combustors. Yet researchers face several challenges in dealing with premixed turbulent combustion, from its nonlinear multiscale nature and the impact of local phenomena to the multitude of competing models. Filling


2017-12-12

Modeling and Simulation of Turbulent Combustion

By Santanu De,Avinash Kumar Agarwal,Swetaprovo Chaudhuri,Swarnendu Sen
  • Full Title : Modeling and Simulation of Turbulent Combustion
  • Author : Santanu De,Avinash Kumar Agarwal,Swetaprovo Chaudhuri,Swarnendu Sen
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 9811074100
  • Pages : 661
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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This book presents a comprehensive review of state-of-the-art models for turbulent combustion, with special emphasis on the theory, development and applications of combustion models in practical combustion systems. It simplifies the complex multi-scale and nonlinear interaction between chemistry and turbulence to allow a broader audience to understand the modeling and numerical simulations of turbulent combustion, which remains at the forefront of research due to its industrial relevance. Further, the book provides a holistic view by covering a diverse range of basic and advanced topics—from the fundamentals of turbulence–chemistry interactions, role of high-performance computing in combustion simulations, and optimization and reduction techniques for chemical kinetics, to state-of-the-art modeling strategies for turbulent premixed and nonpremixed combustion and their applications in engineering contexts.


2011-05-06

Combustion Engineering

By Kenneth W. Ragland,Kenneth M. Bryden
  • Full Title : Combustion Engineering
  • Author : Kenneth W. Ragland,Kenneth M. Bryden
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • ISBN Code : 1466500018
  • Pages : 552
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Combustion Engineering, Second Edition maintains the same goal as the original: to present the fundamentals of combustion science with application to today's energy challenges. Using combustion applications to reinforce the fundamentals of combustion science, this text provides a uniquely accessible introduction to combustion for undergraduate stud


2019-05-28

High-Performance Computing of Big Data for Turbulence and Combustion

By Sergio Pirozzoli,Tapan K. Sengupta
  • Full Title : High-Performance Computing of Big Data for Turbulence and Combustion
  • Author : Sergio Pirozzoli,Tapan K. Sengupta
  • Publisher : Springer
  • ISBN Code : 3030170128
  • Pages : 250
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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This book provides state-of-art information on high-accuracy scientific computing and its future prospects, as applicable to the broad areas of fluid mechanics and combustion, and across all speed regimes. Beginning with the concepts of space-time discretization and dispersion relation in numerical computing, the foundations are laid for the efficient solution of the Navier-Stokes equations, with special reference to prominent approaches such as LES, DES and DNS. The basis of high-accuracy computing is rooted in the concept of stability, dispersion and phase errors, which require the comprehensive analysis of discrete computing by rigorously applying error dynamics. In this context, high-order finite-difference and finite-volume methods are presented. Naturally, the coverage also includes fundamental notions of high-performance computing and advanced concepts on parallel computing, including their implementation in prospective hexascale computers. Moreover, the book seeks to raise the bar beyond the pedagogical use of high-accuracy computing by addressing more complex physical scenarios, including turbulent combustion. Tools like proper orthogonal decomposition (POD), proper generalized decomposition (PGD), singular value decomposition (SVD), recursive POD, and high-order SVD in multi-parameter spaces are presented. Special attention is paid to bivariate and multivariate datasets in connection with various canonical flow and heat transfer cases. The book mainly addresses the needs of researchers and doctoral students in mechanical engineering, aerospace engineering, and all applied disciplines including applied mathematics, offering these readers a unique resource.


2002-04-26

Applied Combustion Diagnostics

By KoHse-HoingHaus
  • Full Title : Applied Combustion Diagnostics
  • Author : KoHse-HoingHaus
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • ISBN Code : 1498719414
  • Pages : 672
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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The editors have assembled a world-class group of contributors who address the questions the combustion diagnostic community faces. They are chemists who identify the species to be measured and the interfering substances that may be present; physicists, who push the limits of laser spectroscopy and laser devices and who conceive suitable measurement schemes; and engineers, who know combustion systems and processes. This book assists in providing guidance for the planning of combustion experiments, in judging research strategies and in conceiving new ideas for combustion research. It provides a snapshot of the available diagnostic methods and thier typical applications from the perspective of leading experts in the field.


2013-10-22

The Institute of Energy's Second International Conference on COMBUSTION & EMISSIONS CONTROL

By The Institute of Energy
  • Full Title : The Institute of Energy's Second International Conference on COMBUSTION & EMISSIONS CONTROL
  • Author : The Institute of Energy
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • ISBN Code : 1483104508
  • Pages : 410
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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The Institute of Energy's Second International Conference on Combustion & Emissions Control presents the proceedings of The Institute of Energy Conference held in London, UK, on December 4-5 1995. The book, divided into seven parts, covers papers on combustion and emission control, energy from waste and biofuels, mathematical modeling for industries, and the plant performance of combustors. The text describes industrial burners and furnaces, advanced power generation, and internal combustion engines as well. The concept of on-board fuel reforming; the conventional and novel methods for particulates; and turbo-compounding schemes and engines are also considered. Combustion and gas engineers will find the book invaluable.


2008-10-22

Combustion

By Irvin Glassman,Richard A. Yetter
  • Full Title : Combustion
  • Author : Irvin Glassman,Richard A. Yetter
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • ISBN Code : 9780080568812
  • Pages : 800
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Combustion Engineering, a topic generally taught at the upper undergraduate and graduate level in most mechanical engineering programs, and many chemical engineering programs, is the study of rapid energy and mass transfer usually through the common physical phenomena of flame oxidation. It covers the physics and chemistry of this process and the engineering applications - from the generation of power such as the internal combustion automobile engine to the gas turbine engine. Renewed concerns about energy efficiency and fuel costs, along with continued concerns over toxic and particulate emissions have kept the interest in this vital area of engineering high and brought about new developments in both fundamental knowledge of flame and combustion physics as well as new technologies for flame and fuel control. New chapter on new combustion concepts and technologies, including discussion on nanotechnology as related to combustion, as well as microgravity combustion, microcombustion, and catalytic combustion - all interrelated and discussed by considering scaling issues (e.g., length and time scales) New information on sensitivity analysis of reaction mechanisms and generation and application of reduced mechanisms Expanded coverage of turbulent reactive flows to better illustrate real-world applications Important new sections on stabilization of diffusion flames. For the first time, the concept of triple flames will be introduced and discussed in the context of diffusion flame stabilization


1995

Liquid Rocket Engine Combustion Instability

By Vigor Young
  • Full Title : Liquid Rocket Engine Combustion Instability
  • Author : Vigor Young
  • Publisher : AIAA
  • ISBN Code : 9781600864186
  • Pages : 580
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Annotation Since the invention of the V-2 rocket during World War II, combustion instabilities have been recognized as one of the most difficult problems in the development of liquid propellant rocket engines. This book is the first published in the United States on the subject since NASA's Liquid Rocket Combustion Instability (NASA SP-194) in 1972. In this book, experts cover four major subject areas: engine phenomenology and case studies, fundamental mechanisms of combustion instability, combustion instability analysis, and engine and component testing. Especially noteworthy is the inclusion of technical information from Russia and China--a first.


2012-09-19

Introduction to Internal Combustion Engines

By Richard Stone
  • Full Title : Introduction to Internal Combustion Engines
  • Author : Richard Stone
  • Publisher : Macmillan International Higher Education
  • ISBN Code : 1137028297
  • Pages : 516
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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Now in its fourth edition, Introduction to Internal Combustion Engines remains the indispensable text to guide you through automotive or mechanical engineering, both at university and beyond. Thoroughly updated, clear, comprehensive and well-illustrated, with a wealth of worked examples and problems, its combination of theory and applied practice is sure to help you understand internal combustion engines, from thermodynamics and combustion to fluid mechanics and materials science. Introduction to Internal Combustion Engines: - Is ideal for students who are following specialist options in internal combustion engines, and also for students at earlier stages in their courses - especially with regard to laboratory work - Will be useful to practising engineers for an overview of the subject, or when they are working on particular aspects of internal combustion engines that are new to them - Is fully updated including new material on direct injection spark engines, supercharging and renewable fuels - Offers a wealth of worked examples and end-of-chapter questions to test your knowledge - Has a solutions manual availble online for lecturers at www.palgrave.com/engineering/stone


2016-04-27

Mathematical Modeling and Numerical Methods in Chemical Physics and Mechanics

By Ali V. Aliev,Olga V. Mishchenkova,Alexey M. Lipanov
  • Full Title : Mathematical Modeling and Numerical Methods in Chemical Physics and Mechanics
  • Author : Ali V. Aliev,Olga V. Mishchenkova,Alexey M. Lipanov
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • ISBN Code : 1771882905
  • Pages : 410
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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The use of mathematical modeling in engineering allows for a significant reduction of material costs associated with design, production, and operation of technical objects, but it is important for an engineer to use the available computational approaches in modeling correctly. Taking into account the level of modern computer technology, this new volume explains how an engineer should properly define the physical and mathematical problem statement, choose the computational approach, and solve the problem by proven reliable computational approach using computer and software applications during the solution of a particular problem. This work is the result of years of the authors’ research and experience in the fields of power and rocket engineering where they put into practice the methods of mathematical modeling shown in this valuable volume. The examples in the book are based on two approaches. The first approach involves the use of the relatively simple mathematical system MathCad. The second one involves the solving of problems using Intel Visual Fortran compiler with IMSL Libraries. The use of other software packages (Maple, MathLab, Mathematica) or compilers (С, С++, Visual Basic) for code is equally acceptable in the solution of the problems given in the book. Intended for professors and instructors, scientific researchers, students, and industry professionals, the book will help readers to choose the most appropriate mathematical modeling method to solve engineering problems, and the authors also include methods that allow for the solving of nonmathematical problems as mathematical problems.


2009-09-08

Advances in Chemical Physics

By Ilya Prigogine,Stuart A. Rice
  • Full Title : Advances in Chemical Physics
  • Author : Ilya Prigogine,Stuart A. Rice
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN Code : 0470141840
  • Pages : 401
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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The Advances in Chemical Physics series provides the chemical physics and physical chemistry fields with a forum for critical, authoritative evaluations of advances in every area of the discipline. Filled with cutting-edge research reported in a cohesive manner not found elsewhere in the literature, each volume of the Advances in Chemical Physics series serves as the perfect supplement to any advanced graduate class devoted to the study of chemical physics.


1997-06-01

Annual Reviews of Computational Physics V

By Dietrich Stauffer
  • Full Title : Annual Reviews of Computational Physics V
  • Author : Dietrich Stauffer
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • ISBN Code : 9814497274
  • Pages : 320
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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In this fifth volume of the authoritative series, the simulation of forest fires, flames, and hydrodynamics is presented in the first three articles. The next two deal with quantum simulations, in particular for two dimensions (quantum Hall effect and monolayers). Biology is connected with the last two articles: we learn from biological evolution to complement computer hardware and software with evolware, or we simulate immunology. Contents:Fire Spread in Natural Fuel: Computational Aspects (J A M S Duarte)Direct Numerical Simulation — A Tool to Study Turbulent Reacting Flows (M Baum)Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Rayleigh-Taylor Instability (J Moscinski et al.)Quantum Simulations in Materials Science: Molecular Monolayers and Crystals (P Nielaba)Criticality in the Integer Quantum Hall Effect (A Hansen et al.)Evolving Uniform and Non-Uniform Cellular Automata Networks (M Sipper)Modeling and Immune System: Architecture and Dynamics of Idiotypic Networks (K Lippert & U Behn) Readership: Students, researchers and scientists in computational physics, condensed matter physics, theoretical biology and engineering. keywords:Forest Fires;Fluid Dynamics;Immunology;Quantum Hall Effect


2021-10-20

Combustion Technology

By Vasudevan Raghavan
  • Full Title : Combustion Technology
  • Author : Vasudevan Raghavan
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • ISBN Code : 3030746216
  • Pages : 206
  • Format : Pdf - ePub
  • Language : English
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This textbook is intended for post-graduate students in mechanical and allied engineering disciplines. It will also be helpful to scientists and engineers working in the areas of combustion to recapitulate the fundamental and generally applied aspects of combustion. This textbook comprehensively covers the fundamental aspects of combustion. It includes physical descriptions of premixed and non-premixed flames. It provides a detailed analysis of the basic ideas and design characteristics of burners for gaseous, liquid and solid fuels. A chapter on alternative renewable fuels has also been included to bring out the need, characteristics and usage of alternative fuels. Review questions have been provided at the end of each chapter which will help the students to evaluate their understanding of the important concepts covered in that chapter. Several standard text books have been cited in the chapters and are listed towards the end, as suggested reading, to enable the readers to refer them when required. The textbook will be useful for students in mechanical, aerospace and related fields of engineering. It will also be a good resource for professionals and researchers working in the areas of combustion technology.